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YMBA Examination – Junior Part 1
Abhidhamma 2000

Part I

  1. ii seven

  2. i. in the Jewelled mansion

  3. i. Tavatimsa

  4. i. Sariputta

  5. The logical answer is ii. Fourth …

Year 3rd Council Held = 623 BC (Birth of Buddha) - Age 80 (Parinibanna) – 236 yrs after Parinibbana = 307 BC = 4th Century BC.

The popular answer from Teacher & Bhante is iii. Third.

Take your pick.

  1. iv. Commentaries

  2. i. Sariputta

  3. ii. Dhammasangani

  4. iv. Khanda (not among the 4 ways of Paramatha)

  5. iii. 12


Part II

  1. Differences:




Abhidhamma

Sutta / Dhamma

i.

7 books

5 books

ii.

Use ultimate teachings – Absolute realities

Use conventional teachings – Apparent realities

iii.

More refined, detail & systematic

Uses stories, similes & metaphor

iv.

Does not take into account the capacity of the understanding of listeners.

Relate to different level of understanding

v.

Expounded realities experienced thru’ the 6 doors

Talk about realities appearing thru’ the 6 doors

vi.

Describe & explain phenomena

Expounded the cause & effects

vii.

Scope –The 5 aggregates, 12 sense bases, 18 elements, etc. are classified fully

Scope – The 5 aggregates, 12 sense bases, 18 elements, etc. are classified partially.


viii.


Method – Nipariyaya-dhammadesana - the literal or unembellished discourse on the Dhamma


Method – Pariyaya-dhammadesana - the figurative or embellished (enhanced) discourse on the Dhamma

ix.

Terminology - Terms used are ontological (essence of the nature of being) ultimates. Uses irreducible components of existence of the mind and matter.

Terminology - Terms used are not ontological ultimates. Uses conceptual thoughts as in I, you, man & woman.



  1. Four Paramattha Dhamma:

    1. Rupa (Matter) – Conditioned realities. The physical side of the being. There are 4 great elements – Pathavi (Earth), Apo (Water), Tejo (Fire) & Vayo (Wind). There are 24 secondary elements.

    2. Nibanna - Unconditioned realities. Experienced by Supramundane consciousness.

    3. Cetasika (Mental factors) –Conditioned realities. There are 52 cetasika. Perform 14 functions.

    4. Citta (State of Consciousness) – Conditioned realities. There are 89 citta. Arises only where certain mental factors come together.




  1. The four Bhumi:

    1. Kamaduggati-bhumi or Apaya – The 4 woeful states of existence: Animal World (Tirachanna Yoni), Ghost World (Peta Yoni), Demon World (Asura Yoni) and Hell (Naraka).

    2. Kamasugati-bhumi - The human realm (Manussa) & the 6 Deva Lokas in the Kamaloka (Cattumaharajika, Tavatimsa, Yama, Tusita, Nimmanarati and Paranimmitta-Vasavatti)

    3. Rupa-bhumi - the 16 planes of Brahma Gods with extra-fine body in the form realm.

    4. Arupa-bhumi - the 4 planes of Brahma Gods without a body, where only mind exists, in the formless realm.

  2. Conventional truth is expounded by the Sutta Pitaka while Absolute truth is expounded by the Abhidhamma. Sutta Pitaka uses conventional terms such as man, woman, beings, self, etc. while Abhidhamma uses ultimate terms such as aggregates (khandas), elements (dhatu), bases (ayatana), etc.

  3. There are 12 Akusala citta.

8 are rooted in greed (lobha):

    1. Somanassa sahagatam ditthigata sampayuttam asankharikam

    2. Somanassa sahagatam ditthigata sampayuttam sasankharikam

    3. Somanassa sahagatam ditthigata vippayuttam asankharikam

    4. Somanassa sahagatam ditthigata vippayuttam sasankharikam

    5. Upekkha sahagatam ditthigata sampayuttam asankharikam

    6. Upekkha sahagatam ditthigata sampayuttam sasankharikam

    7. Upekkha sahagatam ditthigata vippayuttam asankharikam

    8. Upekkha sahagatam ditthigata vippayuttam sasankharikam

2 are rooted in hatred (dosa):

    1. Domanassa sahagatam pathiga sampayutam asankharikam

    2. Domanassa sahagatam pathiga sampayutam sasankharikam

2 are rooted in delusion (moha):

    1. Upekkha sahagatam vicikiccha (skeptical doubt) sampayuttam

    2. Upekkha sahagatam udacca (restlessness) sampayuttam




  1. Short notes:

    1. Apaya – The 4 states of misery called Dugatti: Tirachanna Yoni (Animal World), Peta Yoni (Ghost World), Asura Yoni (Demon World) and Naraka (Hell).

    2. Kusala-akusala – Wholesome-unwholesome. In the Kamavacara citta, there are 12 akusala and 8 kusala.

    3. Catumaharajika – The heaven of the 4 Guardian Dieties in Kamaloka. Where earth deities resides.

    4. Ditthi – View or understanding

    5. Domanassa – Displeasure. Present in 2 akusala citta.

    6. Lokiya – Mundane or Worldly, ie. not supra-mundane.


Abhidhamma 2001

Part I

  1. i. First century B.C. (80 B.C.)

  2. i. Tavatimsa

  3. iii. Sariputta

  4. iii. Suttanipata

  5. i. Fourth

  6. iii. 11 planes of existence

  7. iii. 08 is the number

  8. ii. Indriya

  9. iv. Pathavi (Earth Element)

  10. ii. 08

Part II

  1. Differences:




Abhidhamma

Sutta / Dhamma

i.

7 books

5 books

ii.

Use ultimate teachings – Absolute realities

Use conventional teachings – Apparent realities

iii.

More refined, detail & systematic

Uses stories, similes & metaphor

iv.

Does not take into account the capacity of the understanding of listeners.

Relate to different level of understanding

v.

Expounded realities experienced thru’ the 6 doors

Talk about realities appearing thru’ the 6 doors

vi.

Describe & explain phenomena

Expounded the cause & effects

vii.

Scope –The 5 aggregates, 12 sense bases, 18 elements, etc. are classified fully

Scope – The 5 aggregates, 12 sense bases, 18 elements, etc. are classified partially.

viii.

Method – Nipariyaya-dhammadesana - the literal or unembellished discourse on the Dhamma

Method – Pariyaya-dhammadesana - the figurative or embellished (enhanced) discourse on the Dhamma

ix.

Terminology - Terms used are ontological (essence of the nature of being) ultimates. Uses irreducible components of existence of the mind and matter.

Terminology - Terms used are not ontological ultimates. Uses conceptual thoughts as in I, you, man & woman.




  1. Abhidhamma analyses minutely the so called 'being", the man or Satta, which is made up of Mind & Matter (Nama-Rupa). This is further broken down into 4 ways: Rupa (Matter), Nibbana (experienced by Supramundane Consciousness), Cetasika (Mental Factors) & Citta (Consciousness).

  2. Citta is classified into 4 planes, Kamavacara (Sense Sphere, 54), Rupavacara (Form Sphere, 15), Arupavacara (Formless Sphere, 12) and Lokuttara (Supramundane, 8/40), totaling 89 or 121. Each of these citta can be Kusala (21/37), Akusala (12), Vipaka (36/52) or Kriya (20) of nature. (Draw the tree).

  3. 7 books of Abhidhamma Pitaka:

  1. Dhammasangani (Classification of Dhamma)

  2. Vibhanga (The Books of Division)

  3. Dathukatha Discussion with reference to Elements)

  4. Puggala Pannatti (Description of Individuals)

  5. Kathavathu (Points of Controversy)

  6. Yamaka (The Book of Pairs)

  7. Patthana (The Book of Relations)




  1. Yes. Abhidhamma analyses minutely the so called 'being", the man or Satta, which is made up of Mind & Matter (Nama-Rupa). This is further broken down into 4 ways: Rupa (Matter), Nibbana (experienced by Supramundane Consciousness), Cetasika (Mental Factors) & Citta (Consciousness).




  1. Short notes:

    1. Rupa – Matter. Made up of the 4 Great Elements and 24 Secondary Elements. The 4 Great elements are – Pathavi (Earth), Apo (Water), Tejo (Fire) & Vayo (Wind).

    2. Paramattha – Absolute Realities. The 4 paramatha are citta, cetasikas, nibbana & rupa.

    3. Kathavatthu – The 5th book of the Abhidhamma on Points of Controversy. Last to be compiled under Ven. Moggaliputta Tissa Thera under the reign of King Asoka during the 3rd Buddhist council.

    4. Arammana – Objects of Consciousness. Aram – delight in or hang on. Mana – object.

    5. Lokuttara – Supramundane consciousness

    6. Abhidhammattha-sangaha – A Manual of Abhidhamma by Venerable Anuruddha Thera, an Indian monk of Kanjevaram, gives an epitome of the entire Abhidhamma Pitaka. It is still the most fitting introduction to Abhidhamma. By mastering this book, a general knowledge of Abhidhamma may easily be acquired.


Abhidhamma 2002

Part I

  1. (2) Abhidhamma Pitaka

  2. (3) Tavatimsa heaven

  3. (3) Seventh rains retreat

  4. (3)Maha Maya devi reborn as a deva

  5. (3) three months

  6. (4) Katha Vatthu

  7. (4) eight

  8. (1) eight

  9. (2) four

  10. (4) Panna


Part II

  1. Differences:




Abhidhamma

Sutta / Dhamma

i.

7 books

5 books

ii.

Use ultimate teachings – Absolute realities

Use conventional teachings – Apparent realities

iii.

More refined, detail & systematic

Uses stories, similes & metaphor

iv.

Does not take into account the capacity of the understanding of listeners.

Relate to different level of understanding

v.

Expounded realities experienced thru’ the 6 doors

Talk about realities appearing thru’ the 6 doors

vi.

Describe & explain phenomena

Expounded the cause & effects

vii.

Scope –The 5 aggregates, 12 sense bases, 18 elements, etc. are classified fully

Scope – The 5 aggregates, 12 sense bases, 18 elements, etc. are classified partially.

viii.

Method – Nipariyaya-dhammadesana - the literal or unembellished discourse on the Dhamma

Method – Pariyaya-dhammadesana - the figurative or embellished (enhanced) discourse on the Dhamma

ix.

Terminology - Terms used are ontological (essence of the nature of being) ultimates. Uses irreducible components of existence of the mind and matter.

Terminology - Terms used are not ontological ultimates. Uses conceptual thoughts as in I, you, man & woman.




  1. Conventional truth is expounded by the Sutta Pitaka. Sutta Pitaka uses conventional terms such as man, woman, beings, self, etc.

  2. Ultimate realities analyses minutely the so called 'being", the man or Satta, which is made up of Mind & Matter (Nama-Rupa). This is further broken down into 4 ways: Rupa (Matter), Nibbana (experienced by Supramundane Consciousness), 52 Cetasika (Mental Factors) & 89/121 Citta (Consciousness). The various mental factors are associated in different ways which produces consciousness that arises in the minds of the beings.




  1. Supramundane Magga Citta

    1. Sotapati Maggacittam

    2. Sakadagani Maggacittam

    3. Anagami Maggacittam

    4. Arahatta Maggacittam

These are the 4 Paths consciousness to Sainthood.

  1. Short notes:

    1. Akusala – Unwholesome. There are 12 akusala citta in the Sense Sphere (Kamavacara), make up of 8 Lobha, 2 Dosa & 2 Moha.

    2. Lokuttara – Supramundane consciousness, consisting of 4 Magga (Path) consciousness and 4 Phala (Fruit) consciousness. These are the consciousness of fully developed wisdom of Sainthood. The 4 magga & phala are sotapatti, sakadagami, anagami & arahatta.

    3. Mohamula Citta - The unwholesome (akusala) consciousness (citta) rooted in ignorance (Moha) is always accompanied by neutral feeling (Upekkha-sahagatam). The 2 Mohamula citta are Upekka-sahagatam vicikicha (skeptical doubt) sampayutam and Upekka-sahagatam udacca (restlessness) sampayutam.

    4. Jhana – Trance. There are 15 jhana in Rupavacara citta. 5 Kusala (wholesome), 5 Vipaka (Resultant) & 5 Kriya (in-operative).

    5. 5-sense-door adverting consciousness - Panca-dvaravajjana citta. It is one of the 3 Ahetuka (rootless) Kriya (in-operative) citta in the Kamavacara (Sense Sphere)

    6. Rootless Cittas – Ahetuka Citta. There are 18 Ahetuka Citta in the Kamabacara, 7 Akusala Vipaka, 8 Kusala Vipaka & 3 Kriya.


Abhidhamma 2003

Part I

  1. (d) seven in numbers

  2. (d) Dhammasangani

  3. (c) Tavatimsa

  4. (d) the Lords mother in heaven

  5. (c) Katha Vathu

  6. (b) four

  7. (b) four

  8. (b) Sariputta

  9. (d) 89

  10. (d) 54 cittas


Part II

  1. Abhidhamma analyses minutely the so called 'being", the man or Satta, which is made up of Mind & Matter (Nama-Rupa). This is further broken down into 4 ways: Rupa (Matter), Nibbana (experienced by Supramundane Consciousness), Cetasika (Mental Factors) & Citta (Consciuosness).

  2. 12 Akusala citta.

  1. Somanassa sahagatam ditthigata sampayuttam asankharikam

  2. Somanassa sahagatam ditthigata sampayuttam sasankharikam

  3. Somanassa sahagatam ditthigata vippayuttam asankharikam

  4. Somanassa sahagatam ditthigata vippayuttam sasankharikam

  5. Upekkha sahagatam ditthigata sampayuttam asankharikam

  6. Upekkha sahagatam ditthigata sampayuttam sasankharikam

  7. Upekkha sahagatam ditthigata vippayuttam asankharikam

  8. Upekkha sahagatam ditthigata vippayuttam sasankharikam

  9. Domanassa sahagatam pathiga sampayutam asankharikam

  10. Domanassa sahagatam pathiga sampayutam sasankharikam

  11. Upekkha sahagatam vicikiccha (skeptical doubt) sampayuttam

  12. Upekkha sahagatam udacca (restlessness) sampayuttam

  1. Conventional truth (Sammuti Sacca) is expounded by the Sutta Pitaka and uses conventional terms such as man, woman, beings, self, etc.

  2. Worlds belonging to Kama-Bhumi / Kamaloka:

4 Duggati / Kamaduggati-bhumi / Apaya (woeful states):

    1. Tirachanna yoni (Animal World)

    2. Petra yoni (Ghost World)

    3. Asura yoni (Demon World)

    4. Naraka (Hell)

7 Sugati / Kamasugati-bhumi (good states)

    1. Manussa (Human World)

    2. Cattumaharajika (4 Heavenly Kings)

    3. Tavatimsa (Heaven of the 33 Deities)

    4. Yama

    5. Tusita

    6. Nimmanarati

    7. Paranimitta-Vasavatti

  1. There are 3 roots (hetu) in Akusala citta, namely lobha (greed), dosa (illwill) & moha (ignorance). There are 8 Akusala citta rooted in lobha. The first 8 Akusala citta (i to viii) enumerated in answer 02 are rooted in lobha, the next 2 (ix & x) are rooted in dosa and the last 2 (xi & xii) are rooted in moha.

  2. Short notes:

  1. Kusala Citta – Wholesome consciousness associated with 3 good roots, namely alobha, adosa & amoha.

  2. Kusala Mula – Wholesome roots, namely Alobha, Adosa & Amoha which results in the arising of kusala citta.

  3. Cakku Vignana (or is it Cakkhu Vinnana?) - Visual consciousness. It is Kriya or in-operative. It is the first stage of consciousness arising through the eye sense when the mind becomes aware of the Sense objects that enter the sense-door or sense-avenue before consciousness can reach a stage of clinging to the object or repulse by it.

  4. Lokuttara – Supramundane consciousness or consciousness of fully developed wisdom. There are 4 maggacittam (Path consciousness) and 4 phalacittam (fruit consciousness). Also known as the 4 stages of Sainthood: Sotapatti, Sakadagami, Anagammi & Arahatta.

  5. Arahant – Arahant is one who has attained the 4th stage of Buddhist Sainthood. They have eliminated all 10 fetters and 12 Akusala citta and will not be reborn again.

  6. Sotapatti – There are 2 Sotapatti consciousness in the Lokuthara (Supramundane consciousness), Sotapattimaggacittam (Path consciousness in the 1st stage of Buddhist Sainthood) and Sotapattiphalacittam (Fruit consciousness in the 1st stage of Buddhist Sainthood). They have eliminated 3 fetters and 5 akusala citta (1, 2, 5, 6, 11). The 3 fetters are Sakkaya Ditthi ( Wrong View), Vicikicha (Doubt) & Silabhata Paramasa (Adherence to wrongful Rites & Ceremonies) .


Abhidhamma 2004

Part I

  1. (3) seven Prakarana books

  2. (3) Paramattha dhammas

  3. (2) Devas of the Thavatimsa

  4. (2) Six

  5. (3) Eighty nine

  6. (3) Twelve in numbers

  7. (2) four in numbers

  8. (4) fifty two

  9. (2) Akusala (unwholesome) citta

  10. (2) four


Part II

  1. Paramattha (Absolute) and Sammuti (Conventional) realities. Conventional truth is expounded by the Sutta Pitaka while Absolute truth is expounded by the Abhidhamma. Sutta Pitaka uses conventional terms such as man, woman, beings, self, etc. while Abhidhamma uses ultimate terms such as aggregates (khandas), elements (dhatu), bases (ayatana), etc.

  2. Rupa, Nibbana, Cetasikas & Citta

  3. Kamavacara (54) – 12 Akusala, 24 Sobhana & 18 Ahetuka. Rupavacara (15) – 5 Kusala, 5 Vipaka & 5 Kriya. Arupavacara (12) – 4 Kusala, 4 Vipaka & 4 Kriya. Lokuthara (8/40) – 4/20 Magga & 4/20 Phala.

  4. 8 Lobha:

    1. Somanassa sahagatam ditthigata sampayuttam asankharikam

    2. Somanassa sahagatam ditthigata sampayuttam sasankharikam

    3. Somanassa sahagatam ditthigata vippayuttam asankharikam

    4. Somanassa sahagatam ditthigata vippayuttam sasankharikam

    5. Upekkha sahagatam ditthigata sampayuttam asankharikam

    6. Upekkha sahagatam ditthigata sampayuttam sasankharikam

    7. Upekkha sahagatam ditthigata vippayuttam asankharikam

    8. Upekkha sahagatam ditthigata vippayuttam sasankharikam

  1. Lokuttara Citta:

  1. Sotapatti Maggacittam

  2. Sakadagami Maggacittam

  3. Anagani Maggacittam

  4. Arahatta Maggacittam

  5. Sotapatti Phalacittam

  6. Sakadagami Phalacittam

  7. Anagani Phalacittam

  8. Arahatta Phalacittam




  1. Short notes:

  1. Kusala citta – Wholesome consciousness that is accompanied by wholesome roots namely alobha, adosa & amoha. Such consciousness is mentally healthy, morally blameless and productive of pleasant results.

  2. Arahant - Arahant is one who has attained the 4th stage of Buddhist Sainthood. They have eliminated all 10 fetters and 12 Akusala cittas.

  3. Akusala Mula (roots) – Unwholesome consciousness that is accompanied by any one of the 3 unwholesome roots namely greed (lobha), illwill (dosa) & delusion (moha). It is mentally unhealthy, blameworthy and productive of painful results. In Kamavacara (Sense Sphere). there are 12 akusala Mula citta in total, 8 Lobha (greed), 2 Dosa (illwill) and 2 Moha (ignorance).

  4. Jhana – Trance. It is the different state of consciousness experience in the Rupavacara, 5 are Kusalacittam, 5 Vipakacittam & 5 Kriyacittam. Each of these 5 are enumerated as follows:

a. Vitakka Vicara Piti Sukh Ekagata Pathamajhana

b. Vicara Piti Sukh Ekagata Dutiyajhana

c. Piti Sukh Ekagata Tatiyajhana

d. Sukh Upekkha catutthajhana

e. Upekkha Ekagata Pancamajhana
Abhidhamma 2005

Part I

  1. (iii) Seventh vassana period

  2. (ii) Sariputta

  3. (iv) Wattagamini Abhaya (Walagamba)

  4. (i) seven main books

  5. (ii) four in numbers

  6. (ii) four

  7. (iv) Eleven

  8. (iv) Twelve in numbers

  9. (iv) Twenty four in numbers

  10. (iii) Twenty seven


Part II

  1. Paramattha (Absolute) and Sammuti (Conventional) realities. Conventional truth is expounded by the Sutta Pitaka while Absolute truth is expounded by the Abhidhamma. Sutta Pitaka uses conventional terms such as man, woman, beings, self, etc. while Abhidhamma uses ultimate terms such as aggregates (khandas), elements (dhatu), bases (ayatana), etc.

  2. Kamavacara

  3. Dosa (illwill):

  1. Domanassa sahagatam pathiga sampayutam asankharikam

  2. Domanassa sahagatam pathiga sampayutam sasankharikam

Moha (ignorance):

  1. Upekkha sahagatam vicikiccha (skeptical doubt) sampayuttam

  2. Upekkha sahagatam udacca (restlessness) sampayutta

  1. Rootless consciousness is so called because they are causeless and not rooted to any of the 6 roots – lobha, dosa, moha, alobha, adosa & amoha. They arise devoid of roots, rootless or causeless. There are 18 ahetuka citta, 7 are akusala vipaka citta, 8 kusala vipaka citta and 3 kriya citta.

  2. There are 8 wholesome sense sphere consciousness or sobhana citta:

  1. Somanassa sahagatam nana sampayuttam asankharikam

  2. Somanassa sahagatam nana sampayuttam sasankharikam

  3. Somanassa sahagatam nana vippayuttam asankharikam

  4. Somanassa sahagatam nana vippayuttam sasankharikam

  5. Upekkha sahagatam nana sampayuttam asankharikam

  6. Upekkha sahagatam nana sampayuttam sasankharikam

  7. Upekkha sahagatam nana vippayuttam asankharikam

  8. Upekkha sahagatam nana vippayuttam sasankharikam

  1. Rupavacara Kusala Citta:

  1. Vitakka vicara piti sukha ekagatam pathama jjhana kusalacittam

  2. Vicara piti sukha ekagatam dutiya jjhana kusalacittam

  3. Piti sukh ekagatam tatiya jjhana kusalacittam

  4. Sukh ekagatam chatutta jjhana kusalacittam

  5. Upekkh ekagatam pancama jjhana kusalacittam



  1. There are 4 Arupavacara Kusala Citta:

  1. Infinity of Space

  2. Infinity of Consciousness

  3. Nothingness

  4. Neither Perception nor non-perception

The meditator, having obtained and then abandoned the fourth stage of rupa jhana, applies his mind to the infinity of space (ananta-akasa). He thereby attains the first stage of arupa jhana called akasanancayatana.


  1. Supramundane Consciousness (Lokutthara Citta):

  1. Sotapatti Maggacittam

  2. Sakadagami Maggacittam

  3. Anagami Maggacittam

  4. Arahatta Maggacittam

  5. Sotapatti Phalacittam

  6. Sakadagami Phalacittam

  7. Anagami Phalacittam

  8. Arahatta Phalacittam

These are consciousness of the fully developed wisdom of Sainthood.

  1. Pali Term:

  1. Man – Nara, Purisa, Manussa

  2. World – Loka

  3. Sky – Akasa

  4. Tree – Rukkha, Taru

  5. Sun – Suriya, Ravi, Bhanu

  6. Moon – Canda, Sasi

  7. Son – Putta

  8. Ox – Gona

  9. Monastery – Vihara, Arama

  10. Island - Dipa

English Term:

  1. Bhupala – King

  2. Vanija - Merchant

  3. Lekhaka – Clerk

  4. Sakuna – Bird

  5. Sunakha – Dog

  6. Vanara – Monkey

  7. Deva – Male Deity

  8. Dasa – Slave

  9. Aja – Goat

  10. Pasana – Stone, Rock


Abhidhamma 2006

Part I

  1. (iii) Abhidhamma Pitaka

  2. (iv) 3 full months at a stretch to finish the sermon

  3. (iii) Sariputta

  4. (iii) 4th week after his enlightenment

  5. (iv) Dhammasangani

  6. (iii) Kathavathu

  7. (iv) fifty four

  8. (iii) Twelve

  9. (iii) four in number

  10. (iii) Saddha


Part II

01. a. (i) Sammuti (ii) Paramattha

  1. six

  2. 15

  3. (i) Lobha (ii) Dosa (iii) Moha

  4. 8

  5. (i) 18 (ii) 7

02.




Abhidhamma

Sutta / Dhamma

i.

7 books

5 books

ii.

Use ultimate teachings – Absolute realities

Use conventional teachings – Apparent realities

iii.

More refined, detail & systematic

Uses stories, similes & metaphor

iv.

Does not take into account the capacity of the understanding of listeners.

Relate to different level of understanding

v.

Expounded realities experienced thru’ the 6 doors

Talk about realities appearing thru’ the 6 doors

vi.

Describe & explain phenomena

Expounded the cause & effects

vii.

Scope –The 5 aggregates, 12 sense bases, 18 elements, etc. are classified fully

Scope – The 5 aggregates, 12 sense bases, 18 elements, etc. are classified partially.

viii.

Method – Nipariyaya-dhammadesana - the literal or unembellished discourse on the Dhamma

Method – Pariyaya-dhammadesana - the figurative or embellished (enhanced) discourse on the Dhamma

ix.

Terminology - Terms used are ontological (essence of the nature of being) ultimates. Uses irreducible components of existence of the mind and matter.

Terminology - Terms used are not ontological ultimates. Uses conceptual thoughts as in I, you, man & woman.




  1. Conventional truth is expounded by the Sutta Pitaka. Sutta Pitaka uses conventional terms such as man, woman, beings, self, etc. Example: The 1st blessing of the Maha Mangala Sutta says Asevana ca balanam, which means not to associate with fools or ignorant people.

  2. The 4 ultimate truths in Abhidhamma: Rupa, Nibbana, Cetasika & Citta. The various mental factors are associated in different ways which produces consciousness that arises in the minds of the beings.

  3. Upekkha sahagatam nanasampayutam asankarikam. Unprompted (asankarikam) the boy automatically (Upekkha sahagatam) help knowing (nana sampayutam) the beggar is elderly & blind.

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Abhidhamma 2007

Part I

  1. (3) Seventh

  2. (3) Thavatimsa

  3. (4) Three months

  4. (4) Celestial Beings

  5. (4) Dhammasangani

  6. (3) Kathavathu

  7. (4) Abhidhammattha Sangaha (A compendium of the Higher Doctrine)

  8. (4) Eleven

  9. (2) Four

  10. (3) Eighty nine


Part II

  1. (I) Sariputta

(II) (1)Sammuti (2) Paramattha

(III) (1) Rupa (2) Nibbana (3) Cetasika (4) Citta

(IV) (1) One (2) Asankatha (Path to Nibbana)

(V) Nibbana

  1. Draw the tree

  2. There are 31 planes of existence.

Worlds belonging to Kama-Bhumi / Kamaloka:

4 Duggati / Kamaduggati-bhumi / Apaya (woeful states):

    1. Tirachanna yoni (Animal World)

    2. Petra yoni (Ghost World)

    3. Asura yoni (Demon World)

    4. Naraka/Niraya (Hell)

7 Sugati / Kamasugati-bhumi (good states)

    1. Manussa (Human World)

    2. Cattumaharajika (4 Heavenly Kings)

    3. Tavatimsa (Heaven of the 33 Deities)

    4. Yama

    5. Tusita

    6. Nimmanarati

    7. Paranimitta-Vasavat

  1. Rootless consciousness is so called because they are causeless and not rooted to any of the 6 roots – lobha, dosa, moha, alobha, adosa & amoha. They arise devoid of roots, rootless or causeless. There are 18 ahetuka citta, 7 are akusala vipaka citta, 8 kusala vipaka citta and 3 kriya citta.

  2. The 3 unwholesome roots (Akusala Hetu) are greed (Lobha), illwill (Dosa) & ignorance (Moha).

The 8 Lobha are:

  1. Somanassa sahagatam ditthigata sampayuttam asankharikam

  2. Somanassa sahagatam ditthigata sampayuttam sasankharikam

  3. Somanassa sahagatam ditthigata vippayuttam asankharikam

  4. Somanassa sahagatam ditthigata vippayuttam sasankharikam

  5. Upekkha sahagatam ditthigata sampayuttam asankharikam

  6. Upekkha sahagatam ditthigata sampayuttam sasankharikam

  7. Upekkha sahagatam ditthigata vippayuttam asankharikam

  8. Upekkha sahagatam ditthigata vippayuttam sasankharikam

The 2 Dosa are:

  1. Domanassa sahagatam pathiga sampayutam asankharikam

  2. Domanassa sahagatam pathiga sampayutam sasankharikam

The 2 Moha are:

  1. Upekkha sahagatam vicikiccha (skeptical doubt) sampayuttam

  2. Upekkha sahagatam udacca (restlessness) sampayutam

  1. There are 24 beautiful (Sobhana) consciousness (citta). 8 of them are Kusala, 8 Vipaka and 8 Kriya. Each of the 8 are:

  1. Somanassa sahagatam nana sampayuttam asankharikam

  2. Somanassa sahagatam nana sampayuttam sasankharikam

  3. Somanassa sahagatam nana vippayuttam asankharikam

  4. Somanassa sahagatam nana vippayuttam sasankharikam

  5. Upekkha sahagatam nana sampayuttam asankharikam

  6. Upekkha sahagatam nana sampayuttam sasankharikam

  7. Upekkha sahagatam nana vippayuttam asankharikam

  8. Upekkha sahagatam nana vippayuttam sasankharikam

    1. Somanassa sahagatam nanasampayutam asankarikam.

Unprompted (asasankarikam), with the awareness of merits (nanasampayutam) the girl offers the basket of flower with utmost saddha (Somanassa).

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