Uasin Gishu County Integrated Development Plan 2013-2018


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Uasin Gishu County Integrated Development Plan 2013-2018

September 2013

Contents




Abbreviations

ABE - Adult Basic Education

ACE - Adult & Continuing Education

AIDS - Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome

CBD - Central Business District

CHWs - Community Health Workers

CIDP - County Integrated Development Plan

CPC - Child Protection Centre

ECDE - Early Childhood Development

EFA - Education For All

ELDOWAS - Eldoret Water and Sanitation

FBOs - Faith Based Organizations

FP - Family Planning

FPAK - Family Planning Association of Kenya

GER - Gross Enrolment Rate

ICT - Information Communication Technology

IMCI - Integrated Management of Childhood Illnesses

MDGs - Millennium Development Goals

NACC - National AIDS Control Council

NGO - Non-Governmental Organization

OVC - Orphans & Vulnerable Children

PPP - Public Private Partnership

PWD - People with Disability

SACCO - Savings and Credit Cooperative Organization

STD - Sexually Transmitted Diseases

STI - Sexually Transmitted Illnesses

SWOT - Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities and Threats

TBAs - Traditional Birth Attendants

TIVET - Technical, Industrial, Vocational & Entrepreneurship Training

UGC - Uasin Gishu County

UNICEF - United Nations Children’s Fund

UPE - Universal Primary Education

WHO - World Health Organization

WRS - Warehouse Receipting System



Chapter One



1.0 County General Information

Introduction

This Chapter contains general background information on Uasin Gishu County in terms of location, size, physiographic conditions, demographic profiles, administrative and political units. It also provides information on infrastructure and land use. Additional information is also provided on other important aspects such as climate, employment, sources of income, access to health, nutritional status, literacy and community development.

Location and Size

Uasin Gishu County lies between longitudes 34 degrees 50’ east and 35 degrees 37’ West and latitudes 0 degrees 03’ South and 0 degrees 55’ North. The county shares common borders with Trans Nzoia County to the North, Elgeyo Marakwet County to the East, Baringo County to the South East, Kericho County to the South, Nandi County to the South West and Kakamega County to the North West. It covers a total area of 3,345.2 Sq. Km.

Physiographic and Natural Conditions

Uasin Gishu County is a highland plateau with altitudes falling gently from 2,700 metres above sea level to about 1,500 metres above sea level. The topography is higher to the east and declines gently towards the western border. The County is physiographically divided into three zones: the upper highlands, upper midlands and lower highlands. These zones greatly influence land use patterns as they determine the climatic conditions. The geology is dominated by tertiary volcanic rock with no known commercially exploitable minerals.

The soils which comprise of red loam soils, red clay soils, brown clay soils and brown loam soils mainly support maize, sunflower, wheat, pyrethrum, potatoes and barley farming. They also support livestock rearing and forestry.

Uasin Gishu County lies within the Lake Victoria catchment zone and all its rivers drain into the lake. The major rivers include Sosiani, Kipkaren, Kerita, Nderugut, Daragwa, and Sambu.

Climatic Conditions

Uasin Gishu experiences high and reliable rainfall which is evenly distributed throughout the year. The average rainfall ranges between 624.9 mm to 1,560.4mm with two distinct peaks occurring between March and September; and May and August. Dry spells occur between November and February. The temperatures range between 7 degrees Celsius and 29 degrees Celsius. Generally these conditions are favorable for livestock keeping, crop and fish farming.

Administrative and Political Units

Uasin Gishu County is divided into six sub-counties: Turbo, Soy, Ainabkoi, Moiben, Kessess and Kapseret. The sub-counties are further subdivided into fifty one locations and ninety seven sub-locations.

Demographic Features

According to the 2009 Population and Housing Census, the total population of Uasin Gishu County stood at 894,179. At an inter-censual population growth rate of 3.8%, the total population is projected to grow to 1,211,853 by 2017. The population growth rate is higher than the national growth rate at 2.9%. The population density is 267 persons per sq. Km. which is expected to increase to 362 persons per sq. km. by 2017. This will have implications on the average size of land holding.

In 2012, the population age group between 0 to 14 years was 41.4% of the total; while the economically active age group of between 15 and 64 years accounted for 55.7% of the total. This implies that the County has a high dependency ratio and a high potential for labour force. The age group under one year is projected to grow from 29,175 in 2009 to 39,539 by 2017, while that aged between 2 and 5 years is expected to grow from 162,559 in 2009 to 220,311 by 2017. This implies that the County must expand child and maternal health services and those for Early Childhood and Development Education (ECDE).

Similarly, resources must be set aside for primary level education to cater for the age group between 6 and 13 years that is projected to grow from 188,125 in 2009 to 254,960 by 2017. The age group between 14 to 17 years is of the secondary school going age and is also projected to increase from 77,291 in 2009 to 104,750 by 2017. Given that the County has only 129 secondary schools, more investment will be required in this subsector to cater for the projected increase in student population.

The age group between 15 and 29 years comprises the youth; and is expected to grow from 284,278 to 385,273 by 2017. The majority of the youth in the County are dependants due to limited employment and income generating opportunities. It is also an age group that is prone to exciting activity and possible vulnerability to HIV and AIDS. Skills development and employment creation are therefore priority areas of investment for this group.

The youth also fall in the reproductive age groups of between 15 and 49 years which are projected to grow from 227,089 in 2009 to 307,766 by 2017. This will imply that the County invests more in reproductive health programmes aimed at reducing fertility in the light of the prevalent high dependency ratio coupled with high population growth rate. The age group between 16 and 64 years which constitutes the labour force, is expected to grow from 497,808 in 2009 to 674,663 by 2017.

Infrastructure and Access

Uasin Gishu has an extensive road network comprising of over 300 Kms of tarmac roads, 549 Kms of marrum and 377 Kms of earth roads. It also boasts 179 Kms of railway line with 8 railway stations. In addition, there is an inland container depot. The Moi International Airport and two airstrips are also located in Uasin Gishu easily making it the region’s service hub.

The County enjoys about 95% mobile phone coverage which is provided by all the major service providers in Kenya. It also has 16 post offices, 4 sub-postal offices and nine licensed service couriers. It is connected to the fibre optic cable thus, giving it access to fast internet connectivity. The availability of these services confirms the County’s potential for fast economic development and an attractive location for investment.

With regard to financial services the County has also witnessed significant growth. It has a branch of the Central Bank of Kenya, 21 Commercial banks, 108 urban and 4 rural Saccos; and 5 major micro financing institutions.

The education facilities are fairly developed with 2 public universities namely, Moi University and University of Eldoret. It also has 2 private universities and constituent colleges of major universities. There is also a National Polytechnic, a Technical Training Institute and several private commercial colleges. In terms of basic education, there are 576 ECD centres, 422 primary schools and 129 secondary schools.

Currently, 30 trading centers, 33 secondary schools and 12 health centers are not connected to electricity. Firewood remains the main source of cooking fuel accounting for 84% of the households. The over-dependence on firewood has negative implications on existing forests raising the need to plant trees in designated areas for wood fuel; and to connect more households to the National Grid. More effort is also required to connect electricity to all trading centers, schools and health facilities.

There are 102 trading centres with six of them being urban centres and towns. The six are Burnt Forest, Matunda, Turbo, Moiben, Kesses and Kapsaret. The urban centres have emerged and grown without proper physical planning. Undesirable developments including informal settlements have mushroomed with their growth. The infrastructural facilities including roads and water supply are insufficient to meet the demands of the growing populations.

Of the built houses in the County, 45.6% are mud-walled or use wood as the main walling material. Houses built using brick or blocks account for 25.4% while mud/slash cement account for 18.1%. The main roofing materials are corrugated iron sheets which account for 84.4%.

Land and Land Use

The Uasin Gishu County has an average land holding of 5 hectares in rural areas, and 0.25 of hectares within Eldoret Municipality. Land use practices vary considerably across the County. In 2012 there were 919 landless households distributed in various schemes, with Turbo settlement scheme accounting for 658 households; Jabali settlement Scheme 161 and Maili Tisa 100. Some of the landless are squatters living in gazetted forests; immigrants from other counties; and those who become landless by virtue of selling family land.

Agricultural Activities

Uasin Gishu County covers an area of 3,327Km2 with a human population of 894,179 and 202,000 households (NPC 2009). It has six sub-counties; Turbo, Soy, Moiben, Ainabkoi, Kasses and Kapsaret, 51 locations and 100 sub-locations. Arable land covers 2,995 sq km, 332.78 is non arable (hilly and rocky), 23.4 sq km is water mass and 196 sq km is urban. The County is a highland plateau ranging from 1500m ¨C 2700m above sea level and soils range from red brown loam to clay. Rainfall averages 900mm to 1200mm per annum with its peak in May and October, temperatures range from 8.40 c to 26.20 c (a mean of 180c). Vegetation range from open grassland with scattered acacia trees, to natural highland forests and bush land. It has 3 ecological zones (AEZ) (lower highland, upper highland and upper midland) as shown:-

Agro-ecological zonesAgro-enterprise% of County coveredLower highland 4[LH4]Livestock 19.00Lower highland 3[LH3]Livestock, maize, wheat and barley31.00Lower highland 2[LH2]Livestock, maize, pyrethrum1.20Upper highland 4[UH4]Livestock, maize, sunflower12.10Upper highland 3[UM3]Livestock, coffee1.70Upper highland [UH2]Livestock, pyrethrum, wheat12.30Upper highland 1[UH1]Sheep and dairy13.50

The average farm size in Uasin Gishu is 2-10 acres with a wide range of crop and livestock enterprises. The crop enterprises include food crops, cash/industrial crops and horticultural crops whereas the livestock enterprises include dairy, poultry, sheep, goats, pigs, bee keeping and fish farming, as shown in the following table 1.

Table 1: Summary of the main crops in Uasin Gishu County

EnterpriseArea (Ha)Yield (MT/Ha)Production (MT)Market Value (Kshs)Marketing channels (1=Formal 2=InformalMarket (1=Local 2= Regional 3= export)Processing (1=Yes 2=No)Maize91,01050 bags4,550,500 bags9,101,000,0001 ¨C NCPB, Millers, Institutions, WFP

2- Traders, posho mills,1- municipal markets

1Wheat26,86530805,950209,547,0001-1 ¨C NCPB, Millers,

2- Traders11Beans22,115372,292361,460,0001 Institutions,

2- Traders,12Finger Millet6161811,08853,222,4002- Traders12Sorghum124151,9227,688,0002-Traders12Irish potatoes1,060140148,400296,800,0002-Traders11Tomatoes20853 T11,024T440,960,0002-Traders12Kales44655T24530490,600,0002-Traders12Cabbages54070T37,800378,000,0002- TradersCarrots6615T9909,900,0002-Traders12Onions25.612T3079,216,0002-Traders12Local Vegetables (B. nightshade, spider plant)103.57T724.521,735,0002-Traders12Passion fruit12412T1,48844,640,0001-Traders

2-Uganda12Avocado269T2383,564,000­12Source: Department of Agriculture Uasin Gishu County, Annual Report 2012

The three main livelihoods in the County are mixed farming (food crops and livestock), mixed farming (commercial crops and livestock ¨Cdairy) and formal/casual employment. Agriculture sector comprises of livestock production, veterinary, agriculture and fisheries departments. Characteristics of agricultural sector varies widely from predominantly small scale with low external inputs to highly mechanized large scale farming with very high levels of external inputs. Uasin Gishu has a rich agricultural resource base with 80% of the land tenure being privately owned. Private ownership of land has encouraged investment in permanent and long term improvements of development on farms. Small scale farming subsector (0-30 acres) accounts for 75% of the total agricultural produce. However the County has not exploited its potential. Production of main food crops and livestock has generally been low. Farmers depend on rain-fed agriculture and that production costs for most crops are high due to high input costs especially fertilizers, poor and long marketing chains consisting of many players for the different commodities making them inefficient and unresponsive to the process needs. Low levels of mechanization and high transport costs due to increase in global oil prices. Private sector initiatives have not been fully explored. This untapped potential should be harnessed to improve local market infrastructural developments in partnership with local authorities.

Cooperative Societies

Of the registered cooperative societies, 149 are active, 104 dormant, and 12 collapsed. The total membership is 24,011 with a turnover of Kshs.200 million. Most of the active societies are engaged in the production and marketing of agricultural produce.

Non- Governmental Organizations

Some of the major NGOs operating in the County include the Red Cross, SNV, Catholic Relief Services and World Vision. Most of them engage in social programmes relating to the provision of clean water and sanitation services, HIV and AIDS management, gender issues and peace building. There is need to catalogue the NGO subsector in terms of their roles, areas of interest, internal capacities for programme implementation and funding.

Self-Help, Women and Youth Groups

There are 877 registered self-help groups out of which 349 are for women while 301 are youth groups. The groups are mostly engaged in farming and small-scale businesses.
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