Author Guidelines and Submission Instructions

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Author Guidelines and Submission Instructions

General Information
The Wesleyan Theological Journal (WTJ) is the official publication of the Wesleyan Theological Society (WTS). Intended specifically for the membership of the WTS, the WTJ also functions as a scholarly resource for an academic audience that is global in scope. The WTJ is open to scholarly works of article length in all areas and all eras of Wesleyan and Methodist studies broadly construed, including biblical, theological, ethical, philosophical, practical, historical, biographical, and social-scientific topics and methodologies.
The WTJ has an open submission policy: authors are invited to submit the full text of articles on any appropriate subject to be considered for publication. The instruc­tions for manuscript preparation and submission given here should be followed closely. The guidelines about matters of style and usage provided here represent the prefer­ences of the journal editor as well as the industry standard for publications in Wesleyan and Methodist studies (e.g. Methodist Review). They should be understood as recom­menda­tions, not as absolute require­ments, but authors are encouraged to follow them care­fully unless there is a com­pelling reason to do other­wise.

General Submission Instructions
(1) All articles submitted to the WTJ are expected to conform to the following instructions. If a submission departs from these instructions in major ways, it will be returned to the author for correction before it is con­sidered for publication.
(2) Authors may submit only one article at a time for consideration by WTJ. An article being submitted to WTJ must not be submitted simultaneously to another journal. Articles that have been published or are to be published elsewhere in their entirety, whether in English or in another language, should not be submitted to WTJ. If any portion of an article has been previously published elsewhere, the author must specify the full extent and details of that previous publication and provide copyright clearance for its publication in WTJ.
(3) The ms of each article must be submitted electronically as a Microsoft Word, WordPerfect, or RTF text file in what the author intends as its final form.
(4) Each article should be accompanied by an abstract which is not to exceed 150 words.
(5) All submissions to WTJ will be subject to editorial board review. Thus, authors should provide the following information with their submissions:

• Author contact information—name, title/rank, institutional affiliation, preferred postal address, email address, phone and fax numbers.

• The title (and subtitle, if any) of the article being submitted.

• An abstract of the article which is not to exceed 150 words.

• The actual text file(s) of the article (in Microsoft Word, Word­Perfect, or RTF text file form), along with any related supplementary files.

Submission Process
All articles should be submitted directly to the editor via e-mail at

Preparation of the Manuscript
(1) The ms should be designed to print on standard US letter size (8.5" x 11.0") or European A4 size (8.3" x 11.7") paper using Times Roman or a comparable standard 12-point serif font. Use 1-inch margins at the top, left, and right; the bottom margin may be ¾-inch to accommodate page numbering. Use ¼-inch paragraph indents (tab settings). All lines of the main text should be double-spaced. Notes and indented block quotations should be single-spaced. There should be no use of other unusual spacing.
(2) Do not use numerous font changes or other elaborate formatting techniques, as these introduce codes into your text files that will only complicate the editing and production process. Your goal should be to produce a ms that is as simple and clean as possible.
(3) The ms should be consecutively paged throughout, with the page number appearing in the bottom center of each page.
(4) Keep all body text flush left. Do not justify body text so that the right margin is even (as in this docu­ment); allow the text to break naturally, even if this results in very ragged right margins in the ms. The use of manual or “hard” hyphens should be avoided, unless the hyphen is part of the spelling of com­pound nouns (e.g., scholar-poet), compound adjectives (e.g., up-to-date study), or compound expressions (e.g., Luke-Acts). Use of the automatic hyphenation feature of a standard word processing program is acceptable.
(5) All subheads should be flush left, not centered or indented, with an extra line of spacing above them. Use a consistent system to indicate the various levels of subheads in your ms, such as the following:

First-level subheads: bold italic [or] First-level subheads: Small Caps

Second-level subheads: bold (only) Second-level subheads: bold italic

Third-level sub­heads: italic (only) Third-level subheads: bold (only)

Fourth-level sub­heads: italic (only)
(6) Words to appear in the final published article in italics (e.g., titles of books and periodicals, foreign words, etc.) or in small caps (e.g., bce, ce, ms, mss) should appear in that fashion in the ms.
(7) Special material (e.g., photographs, lists, tables, charts, diagrams) may be submitted in sup­plementary electronic files that are separate from the main text file; however, the location of such material should be indicated clearly in the main text (e.g., “insert chart 1 here”). Photo­graphs should be submitted in the form of uncompressed JPG or TIF files. Photographs, charts, diagrams, or tabular material of a complex nature may be submitted in camera-ready form instead of electronically, but only by prior arrangement with the WTJ editor.
(8) Use only one space character between words and sentences. Never use a string of space char­acters to make textual elements align in the ms; use tabs instead. If your ms requires tables, use columns or tab settings to align the elements of the tables rather than manual spaces.
(9) Do not use manual or “hard” returns at the end of lines of normal body text. Manual or “hard” returns should be used only at the end of full paragraphs of body text, and after ms elements such as subheads, block quotations, etc.
(10) Quotations of five or more lines in any language should be reproduced in a separate indented para­graph (or paragraphs), without opening and closing quotation marks.
(11) Respect for accuracy in verbatim quotations demands that the spelling, capitalization, punct­u­ation, etc., of the original be reproduced exactly, even if they differ from the style otherwise preferred by WTJ. Should a quotation contain a factual or grammatical error, this may be indi­cated by [sic] or [?], at the author’s discretion.

(1) Footnotes rather than endnotes should be used in all articles submitted to WTJ. The footnotes should be numbered sequentially throughout the ms. Do not use complicated formatting, such as font changes, in the footnotes; use the same font for both the body text and the footnotes. The footnotes should be numbered consecutively throughout an article. No period is to be placed after the number at the beginning of the text of the footnote itself.
(2) Insofar as possible, footnote numbers should occur at the end of sentences of the body text. Multiple footnotes within one sentence should be avoided. For example, when several names occur in one sentence and a bibliographical reference is to be given for each, only one footnote should be used (not a separate footnote for each name). This footnote should be placed at the end of the sentence and should include the pertinent reference for each name.
(3) A raised arabic numeral (without punctuation or parentheses) should follow the appropriate word in the text (and its punctuation, if any) to call attention to the footnote.
(4) When a footnote comments on an issue and includes a bibliographical reference within a sentence, the bibliographic reference should be set entirely within parentheses, not commas, and if possible placed at the end of the sentence in the footnote. Example:

23On the other hand, Charles C. Torrey thinks that the name “Cyrus” has been inter­polated in Isa 45:1 (“The Messiah Son of Ephraim,” JBL 66 [1947]: 253).

General Styling and Usage

(1) Save for the specific instructions given below, the styling directives of The Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition (Chicago & London: University of Chicago Press, 2003) should be followed (hereinafter referred to as CMS). Other style manuals can be used, but they should be uses consistently and in a way that coheres with general guidelines given here, including footnote guidelines.
(2) WTJ uses the American style of spelling rather than the British style; e.g., “color” rather than “colour.”
(3) Apart from direct quotations from other sources, WTJ strongly recommends that authors refrain from using the term “man” generically (including also “men,” “mankind,” “family of man,” “brotherhood of man,” etc.). Instead, WTJ recommends the use of inclusive terms (e.g., “human being,” “human,” “human-kind,” “humanity,” “people,” etc.) to designate individuals and groups. Moreover, trans­lations of texts (whether ancient or modern) should not be more gender-specific than the original texts, and the use of inclusive language for God is encouraged.
(4) The WTJ follows the recommendations of CMS for all general abbreviations. For abbreviations of the books of the Bible, WTJ will accept either the CMS style or the style of the Journal of Biblical Literature (which is preferred by most biblical scholars) so long as one style is used consistently throughout the ms.
(5) The WTJ recommends use of the abbreviations bce (“before the common era”) and ce (“in the common era”), rather than bc “before Christ” and ad (anno Domini, “in the year of the Lord”), to designate historical eras, but will follow an author’s preferences in this regard. In either case, the abbreviations should be in small caps with no periods.
(6) In general, WTJ follows CMS for capitalization of names, titles, and positions. However, contrary to CMS, WTJ prefers to capitalize all academic titles directly following a person’s name, rather than only those titles that themselves contain a proper name (e.g., named chairs).
(7) The WTJ follows CMS in the capitalization of the names of ethnic and national groups. Examples:
African Americans [NB: without a hyphen]

American Indian tribes


the British; a British woman

Chicanos; a Chicano; a Chicana


Hispanics; a Hispanic

Italian Americans

Jews; a Jew; Jewish ethnicity

Native Americans
(8) The WTJ follows CMS in recommending that designations of groups of people based loosely on human skin color should generally be lower-cased unless they are part of a group’s formal name or self-identification, or an author has an otherwise com­pelling reason to capitalize them. Examples:
black people; blacks; a black separatist movement [but: Negro, Negroes]

the Black Power movement; the Black College Fund

brown-skinned people [but: the Washington Redskins]

white people; whites; white supremacist group [but: Caucasian, Caucasians]

the White Panther Party; the White Citizens’ Council
(9) The WTJ prefers to follow the usage of The SBL Handbook of Style for Ancient Near Eastern, Biblical, and Early Christian Studies, ed. Patrick H. Alexander, et al. (Peabody, MA: Hendrickson Publishers, 1999), pp. 153–64, in the capitalization of biblical and related terms. Note the following recommendations for capitalization of words referring or relating to God or Jesus:
Adonai Jehovah

Allah Jesus and his disciples*

the Almighty King

the Babe kingdom of God

Christ Lamb of God

the Christ Child Logos

the Creator Lord

El the Messiah

Father Savior

God Almighty the Son of God

Godhead the Spirit [the Holy Spirit]

God in his mercy* the spirit [the human spirit]

heavenly Father Trinity

Holy Ghost trinitarian

Holy Spirit Yahweh

*WTJ prefers to lowercase personal pronouns referring to God and Jesus, but if an author insists on capitalizing them, we will let it stand. The most important thing is consistency through­out the ms.
(10) Note the following recommendations for capitalization for derivatives of Christ, God, and related terms:
Christendom godliness

the Christ-event godly

Christian God’s omnipotence

Christianity Jesus’ lordship

Christ-like Messiah

christological messianic hope

Christology non-Christian

the fatherhood of God the Trinity; trinitarian

godlike unchristian

(11) The WTJ recommends always capping the following or similar expressions when used as a title or as a euphemism for God or Jesus:
the Eternal the Holy One

the First Cause the King of Kings

the Good Shepherd the Lord of Lords

the Most High the Prince of Peace

the Omnipotent the Supreme Being
(12) The WTJ recommends the following style of capitalization for names of the Bible, synonyms for the Bible, or versions of the Bible:

the Bible [but: biblical] the King James Version

the Christian scriptures the New Revised Standard Version

Codex Siniaticus Peshitta

God’s Word the scriptures; scriptural [general reference]

the Hebrew scriptures the Septuagint

the Holy Bible the Torah

Holy Scripture [as title] the Vulgate

Holy Writ [sometimes satirical] the Word of God
(13) The WTJ recommends the following style of capitalization for parts of the Bible:
Apocrypha Matthean [writings]

the Bible [but: biblical] the miracle of the loaves and fishes

book of Genesis, etc. the Old Testament

the Decalogue the parable of the good Samaritan

the Epistles the parable of the prodigal son

the Epistle to the Hebrews the Pastoral Epistles

Fourth Gospel Paul’s Letters

Golden Rule the Prophets [part of the OT]

the good news the prophet Isaiah

the gospel [of Christ] the Psalms [but: a psalm; the psalmist]

the Gospels [in the NT] the Psalter

the Gospel of John the Pseudepigrapha

Johannine [writings] the Second Gospel

the Last Supper the Sermon on the Mount

the Letter to the Galatians the Shema

the Lord’s Prayer the Ten Commandments

the Lord’s Supper the Wisdom literature

Lukan [writings] the Writings
(14) WTJ recommends the following style of capitalization for biblical doctrines or historical events:
the Ascension the Flood

the Atonement the Incarnation

the Creation the Inquisition

the Crucifixion the Protestant Reformation

the Diaspora the resurrected Christ

the Exile the Resurrection

the exiled Israelites the resurrection of Christ

the Exodus the risen Christ

the Fall [of humanity] the Second Coming

(15) The WTJ recommends the following style of capitalization for proper names and titles in the Bible:
the Apostle of Love [John] John the Baptist

the apostle Paul the king

the Baptist King Herod

the Beloved Apostle the Pharisees; Pharisaic

the Evangelist Pharaoh [as title: Pharaoh Rameses II]

Gentiles the pharaoh

the good Samaritan the Sadducees

Hebrews scribes

Israelites the Twelve
(16) The WTJ recommends the following style of capitalization for other Jewish and Christian terms (note that the word church is capitalized only when it is used in the proper name of a denomination or of a specific church building):
the apostles; apostolic church the Kingdom

baptism [general] the kingdom of God

the bishop [but: Bishop Sheen] Pentecost [event]; pentecostal [general];

the Blessed Virgin Pentecostal [movement]

Body of Christ the pope; papal [general]; Pope John Paul II

charismatic [general] postexilic

Charismatic [movement] the primitive church

Christian church [universal] Primitive Baptist Church [denom. name]

Christian Church [denom. name] Protestant Reformation

Christian education a sacrament; the sacraments

the church universal the Sacrament of Baptism

Communion; Holy Communion the Sanhedrin

the congregation seminary [but: Wesley Theological Seminary

the early church the sister [but: Sister Mary Margaret]

evangelical [general] the Social Gospel

Evangelical [movement] Sunday school

Fundamentalism [movement] synagogue

the Golden Rule the Temple [in Jerusalem]

the Great Commandment the Virgin Mary

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