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United Nations


E/C.12/CMR/2-3



Economic and Social Council

Distr.: General

19 July 2010

English

Original: French
Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights

Implementation of the International Covenant
on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights


Combined second and third periodic reports submitted by States parties under articles 16 and 17 of the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights

Cameroon*, **
[26 November 2008]

Contents

Paragraphs Page

Acronyms and abbreviations 3

I. Introduction 1−8 7

II. General presentation of the legal framework for the protection and promotion
of human rights in Cameroon 9−40 8

A. Normative framework 11−19 8

B. Institutional framework 20−40 12

III. Government-encouraged processes for a closer regulation of economic, social
and cultural rights 41−65 16

IV. Replies of the Government to the suggestions and recommendations of the
Committee 66−288 20

V. Review of the implementation of the provisions of the Covenant
(article by article) 289−665 56

A. General obligations under the Covenant 290−293 56

Article 1 290−292 56

Article 2 293 56

B. Specific obligations under the Covenant 294−665 57

Article 3 294−312 57

Article 4 313 60

Article 5 314 60

Article 6 315−334 60

Article 7 335−361 64

Article 8 362−374 68

Article 9 375−381 69

Article 10 382−422 71

Article 11 423−487 78

Article 12 488−549 87

Article 13 550−599 95

Article 14 600−616 100

Article 15 617−665 103

General conclusion 666−668 111
Acronyms and abbreviations

ACAPPEM 

Cameroon Association for the Promotion of Nursery Schools

ACAT/LT

Christian Action for the Abolition of Torture - Coastal Branch

AfDB

African Development Bank

AGIR-PPTE/ENSP 

Higher education viable-initiatives management and professionalization support project

AI

Amnesty International

ALUCAM

Cameroon Aluminum Company

ALVF

Association for Combating Violence against Women

ANAFOR

National Agency for Forest Development

APAC

Association for Professional African Women in Communication

APDHAC

Association for the Promotion of Human Rights in Central Africa

ARSEL

Power Sector Regulation Agency

ARV

Antiretroviral drugs

BUCREP 

Bureau for Population Census and Research

CAED 

Shelter for children in distress

CAEMC

Central African Economic and Monetary Community

CAMAIR

Cameroon Airlines

CAMAIR CO

Cameroon Airlines Corporation

CAMPOST

Cameroon Postal Service

CAMTEL

Cameroon Telecommunications

CAMWATER 

Cameroon Water Utilities Corporation

CAO

Computer-assisted mapping system

CAPP

Provincial pharmaceutical supply centre

CDE 

Cameroon Water Company

CDPM 

Marine Fisheries Development Fund

CEDAW

Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women

CENAME

National Centre for the Supply of Essential Drugs and Medical Consumables

CENEEMA 

Agricultural Mechanization Study and Experimentation Centre

CEP 

Primary education certificate

CEPAB

Bafoussam Craftsmen Promotion Centre

CERAC

Circle of Friends of Cameroon

CEREBEPA 

Regional Centre for the Well Being of Older Persons

CESCR 

Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights

CET 

Common External Tariff

CETIC

Technical, industrial and commercial junior high school

CFC 

Cameroon Mortgage Bank

CHOC

"Change habits - oppose corruption"

CHU 

University hospital

CIDA

Canadian International Development Agency

CIPRES 

Inter-African Conference on Social Security

CIRD 

Inter-University Documentary Resources Centre

CNDHL

National Commission on Human Rights and Freedoms

CNE

National Centre for Education

CNH 

National Housing Council

CNIC 

Cameroon Shipyard and Industrial Engineering Ltd

CNLS 

National Anti-AIDS Council

CNPS

National Social Security Fund

CNRH

National Rehabilitation Centre for Persons with Disabilities

CNV, CONAVI

National Committee on Ageing

COMETES 

Coordination and modernization of higher education technological establishments

CONAC

National Anti-Corruption Commission

CONRHA 

National Committee for the Rehabilitation and Socio-economic Reintegration of Disabled Persons

CRAN

Food and Nutrition Research Centre

DEA

Diploma of Advanced Studies

DESS

Specialized Higher Education Diploma

DGSN

National Security Department

DPNE 

National Employment Policy Statement

DS

Health district

ECA 

United Nations Economic Commission for Africa

ECAM 

Household Survey

ECCAS

Economic Community of Central African States

EDC

Electricity Development Corporation

EDS 

Population and Health Survey

ENAM

National School for the Administration and the Magistracy

ENIEG

Teacher training college

ENIET

Technical teacher training college

EPI 

Expanded Programme of Immunization

ERSI 

Regional Fire-Safety School

ESCR

Economic, social and cultural rights

FARP

Research and Professionalization Support Fund

FEICOM

Special Council Support Fund for Mutual Assistance

FENTEDCAM 

National Federation of Decentralized Local Councils Trade Unions of Cameroon

FGM

Female genital mutilation

FIMAC

Community Agricultural Microprojects Investment Fund

FLE

Family life education

FNAM 

National Fund for Personal Health Insurance

FNE

National Employment Fund

FNPF 

National Civil Servants' Fund

FNPS 

National Social Welfare Fund

FSLC 

First School Leaving Certificate

G7

Group of seven highly industrialized nations

GAVI 

Global Alliance for Vaccines and Immunization

GDLN

Global Development Learning Network

GDP 

Gross domestic product

GER 

Gross Enrolment Ratio

GESDP

General Economic and Social Development Plan

GFAC 

Organization of Businesswomen of Cameroon

GICACYMA 

Cyrie and Mayos common initiative alliance group

GNP 

Gross national product

GTZ 

German Technical Cooperation

GUCE

One-stop service unit for foreign trade operations

HACI

Hope for African Children Initiative

HIPC

Heavily Indebted Poor Countries

IADM

Multilateral Debt Relief Initiative (MDRI)

IAI

African Information Technology Institute

ICESCR

International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights

IGA

Income-generating activities

ILO

International Labour Organization

IMCI

Integrated Management of Childhood Illnesses

IMF

International Monetary Fund

IMPM

Institute for Medical Research and the Study of Medicinal Plants

IPAVIC 

Poultry professional association in Cameroon

IRGM

Institute for Geological and Mining Research

IUCN

International Union for Conservation of Nature

JERSIC

Days for Research Excellence and Innovation in Cameroon

JLV 

Subnational immunization days

LANACOME 

National Laboratory for Drug Quality Control and Expertise

LMD

BA/MA/PhD

MAGZI 

Industrial Zones Development and Management Authority

MCA

Millennium Challenge Account

MDGs

Millennium Development Goals

MICS 

Multiple indicator cluster survey

MIDEPECAM

Maritime Artisanal Fishery Development Mission

MINADER

Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development

MINAS

Ministry of Social Affairs

MINATD

Ministry of Regional Administration and Decentralization

MINCOMMERCE

Ministry of Trade

MINDAF

Ministry of Property and Land Affairs

MINDUH

Ministry of Urban Development and Housing

MINEDUB

Ministry of Basic Education

MINEDUC

Ministry of Education

MINEE

Ministry of Water and Energy

MINEFOP

Ministry of Employment and Vocational Training

MINESEC

Ministry of Secondary Education

MINESUP

Ministry of Higher Education

MINFOPRA

Ministry of Civil Service and Administrative Reform

MINJUSTICE

Ministry of Justice

MINPLAPDAT

Ministry of Planning, Development Programming and Regional Development

MINPMEESA

Ministry of Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises, Social Economy and Handicraft

MINPROFF

Ministry of Women's Affairs and Family Promotion

MINRESI

Ministry of Scientific Research and Innovation

MINREX

Ministry of Foreign Affairs

MINSANTE

Ministry of Health

MIPROMALO 

Local Materials Promotion Office

MTEF

Medium-term expenditure framework

MUPROF 

Mutual Benefit Society for Land Property

NAP 

New pedagogical approach

NGO

Non-governmental organization

NGP

National Governance Programme

NICT 

New information and communication technology

OCASC

Organization of Catholic Health Services in Cameroon

ODA 

Official Development Assistance

OECD

Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development

OHBLA

Organization for the Harmonisation of Business Law in Africa

OLC 

Anti-Corruption Observatory

ONADEF

National Forestry Development Office

ONEFOP 

National Monitoring Service for Employment and Vocational Training

ONEL

National Elections Observatory

OPEC

Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries

OVC

Orphans and other vulnerable children

PAMODEC

"Declaration on Fundamental Principles and Rights at Work" Support Project

PANERP 

National Energy Action Plan for Poverty Reduction

PANGIRE

National Action Plan for Integrated Water Resources Management

PANIFD 

National Action Plan for the Integration of Women in Development

PARE

Education Sector Reform Support Programme

PDSE

Power sector development programme

PGAFEG 

Comprehensive Programme for Women's Advancement and Gender Equality

PIAASI

Integrated support project for participants in the informal sector

PIB

Public Investment Budget

PID 

Douala Infrastructure Project

PIPE

Priority Investment Programme for Employment

PLWHA 

Persons living with HIV/AIDS

PME 

Small and medium-sized enterprises

PNRVA 

National Agricultural Extension and Research Programme

PNSR 

National Reproductive-Health Programme

PNVCA 

National Popularisation and Agricultural Counselling Programme

PPCRD 

Decentralized Rural Credit Project

PREPAFEN 

Project on Poverty Reduction and Action on Behalf of Women in the Province of Extrême-Nord

PRGF

Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility

PRODEC 

Community Development Programme

PRSP

Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper

PSA 

Food Security Programme

PSM 

Minimum Health Package

PSSPC 

Strategic plan for contraceptive safety

PTME

Prevention of mother-to-child transmission

RESEN 

Report on the state of the national education system

RGPH 

General population and housing census

RIB

Rehabilitation Institute for the Blind

SAD 

Douala Development Company

SBA

Skills-based approach

SDSS 

Social Development Sector Strategy

SIC 

Cameroon Real Estate Company

SNEC 

National Water Company of Cameroon

SONEL

National Power Company of Cameroon

SONEU 

Emergency neonatal and obstetric care

SOPECAM 

Cameroon News and Publishing Corporation

SRA

Reproductive health of adolescent girls

SSE 

Education sector strategy

SSS

Health sector strategy

SSSPF 

Women's Advancement Subsector Strategy

TIC

Information and communication technologies

TPI

Court of first instance

UE 

European Union

UNDP 

United Nations Development Programme

UNESCO

United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization

UNICEF 

United Nations Children's Fund

UNIFEM

United Nations Development Fund for Women

UNPF

United Nations Population Fund

VAW 

Violence against women

WFP 

World Food Programme

WHO

World Health Organization

WSSD 

World Summit on Sustainable Development

ZAC 

Designated development zones

ZEP 

Priority educational areas

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