Hospital Management System provides the benefits of streamlined operations, enhanced administration & control, superior patient care, strict cost control and


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EXECUTIVE SUMMARY


Hospital Management System provides the benefits of streamlined operations, enhanced administration & control, superior patient care, strict cost control and improved profitability. HMS is powerful, flexible, and easy to use and is designed and developed to deliver real conceivable benefits to hospitals. More importantly it is backed by reliable and dependable support.
The project ‘Hospital Management System’ is based on the database, object oriented and networking techniques. As there are many areas where we keep the records in database for which we are using MY SQL software which is one of the best and the easiest software to keep our information. This project uses JAVA as the front-end software which is an Object Oriented Programming and has connectivity with MY SQL.
Hospital Management System is custom built to meet the specific requirement of the mid and large size hospitals across the globe. All the required modules and features have been particularly built to just fit in to your requirement. This package has been widely accepted by the clients in India and overseas. Not stopping only to this but they are highly satisfied and appreciating. Entire application is web based and built on 3 tier architecture using the latest technologies. The sound database of the application makes it more users friendly and expandable. The package is highly customizable and can be modified as per the needs and requirements of our clients. Prolonged study of the functionalities of the hospital and its specific requirement has given it a wonderful shape both technically and usability wise. It covers all the required modules right from Patient Registration, Medicine details, Doctor, Wards, , Admin, Store, Patient appointment, bill payment, record modification, discharge details etc.

TABLE OF CONTENT
S.No. TITLE PAGE NO.
Certificate…………………………………………..……………….…..3

Acknowledgement………………………………………………………4

Declaration………………………………………………………………5


  1. INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY

    • Introduction………………………………………………..……9

    • Definition of the Problem ……………….……………………..10

    • Drawbacks Of Current Manual- System …………….…………11

    • Established the need of new System…………………….……..11

    • Proposed system…………..………………………………….…12

    • Need…………………………………………………………….13

    • Software and hardware requirements………………….………..14




  1. AIMS & OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY



    • Objective………………………………………………………..24

    • Aims……..………………….…………………………….…….25



  1. LITRATURE REVIEW……………………………………………26




  1. RESEACH METHODOLOGY……………………………………. 29




  1. SYSTEM ANALYSIS



    • Principles of System Analysis……………………………………31

    • Feasibility Study…………………………………………………34

    • Cost and Benefit Analysis…………………..…….……………..35

    • Technical Feasibility…………………………….………………35

    • Operational Feasibility……………………………..……………..35

    • System Life Cycle………………………………………...………37

    • Identification of Need……………………………………………..39

    • Fact Finding Techniques……………………………………....…..40

    • Software Requirement Specification………………………….…..47

    • ACD (Architectural Context Diagram)…………………………...53

    • Pert Chart………………………………………………………….54

    • ER-Diagram……………………………………………………….57

    • Data Flow Diagram……………………………………………..…59




  1. SYSTEM DESIGN

    • System Design………..…………………...……………………..75

    • Data Modeling……………………………………………..…….78

    • Scheduling ….……………………………………………………81




  1. SOURCE CODE

    • Source Code……………………………………………………....83

    • Code efficiency…………………….…………………………....147

    • Optimization Of Code………………..………………………….147

  2. TESTING

    • Testing phase…………………………………………………….148

    • Levels of testing………………………...……………………….149

    • Verification And Validation (V&V)……..………………………154




  1. SYSTEM IMPLEMENTATION

    • System Implementation Maintenance and review……………….156

    • Hardware Evaluation Factors………….…………………………156

    • Software Evaluation Factors………….……………………….…158

  2. SECURITY MEASURES………………………….……………..……59




  1. FURTHER SCOPE OF THE PROJECT……………………………..160



  1. CONCLUSION…………………………………………………….……162


BIBLIOGRAPHY……………………………………………………………….…....163

CHAPTER – 1

INTRODUCTION TO THE STUDY

Introduction:
Human Body is a very complex and sophisticated structure and comprises of millions of functions. All these complicated functions have been understood by man him, part-by-part their research and experiments. As science and technology progressed, medicine became an integral part of the research. Gradually, medical science became an entirely new branch of science. As of today, the Health Sector comprises of Medical institutions i.e. Hospitals, HOSPITALs etc. research and development institutions and medical colleges. Thus the Health sector aims at providing the best medical facilities to the common man.
Medical Institutions in India
Still being a developing nation India has seen a tremendous growth of the Health sector in the field of research as well as in the field of development of numerous large and small scale Hospital institutions still lacking in inter-structure facilities. Government of India has still aimed at providing medical facilities by establishing hospital. The basic working of various hospitals in India is still on paper as compared to hospitals in European countries where computers have been put in to assist the hospital personals their work. The concept of automation of the administration and management of hospital is now being implemented in India also, with large hospitals like APPOLO and AIIMS in Delhi, ESCORTS in Chennai, having automated their existing system.
Our project is based on the above concept i.e. automation of Administration and Management of Hospital. The project has been developed keeping in-view the following aspects: -

(i) Working environment of the Hospital.

(ii) The thought-process and attitude of Indian people.

(iii) The literacy rate of India.

(iv) The Existing system, being used in the majority of Hospitals.

(v) The availability of Infra-structural facilities likes finance, skilled personals, and working environment.
DEFINITION OF PROBLEM:
Since HOSPITAL is associated with the lives of common people and their day-to-day routines so I decided to work on this project.
The manual handling of the record is time consuming and highly prone to error. The purpose of this project is to automate or make online, the process of day-to-day activities like Room activities, Admission of New Patient, Discharge of Patient, Assign a Doctor, and finally compute the bill etc.
I have tried my best to make the complicated process Hospital Management System as simple as possible using Structured & Modular technique & Menu oriented interface. I have tried to design the software in such a way that user may not have any difficulty in using this package & further expansion is possible without much effort. Even though I cannot claim that this work to be entirely exhaustive, the main purpose of my exercise is perform each Hospital’s activity in computerized way rather than manually which is time consuming.
I am confident that this software package can be readily used by non-programming personal avoiding human handled chance of error.

DRAWBACKS OF CURRENT MANUAL- SYSTEM

  1. The current manual system has a lot of paper work and it does not deal with old and new car purchase and sale.

  2. To maintain the records of sale and service manually, is a Time-consuming job.

  3. With the increase in database, it will become a massive job to maintain the database.

  4. Requires large quantities of file cabinets, which are huge and require quite a bit of space in the office, which can be used for storing records of previous details.

  5. The retrieval of records of previously registered patients will be a tedious job.

  6. Lack of security for the records, anyone disarrange the records of your system.

  7. If someone want to check the details of the available doctors the previous system does not provide any necessary detail of this type.


ESTABLISH THE NEED OF NEW SYSTEM

  1. Problem of Reliability: Current system is not reliable. It seems to vary in quality from one month to the, next. Sometimes it gives good output, but some times the output is worst.

  2. Problem of Accuracy: There are too many mistakes in reports.

  3. Problem of timeliness: In the current system the reports and output produced is mostly late and in most of the cases it is useless because it is not on time.

  4. Problem of Validity: The output and reports mostly contains misleading information. The customer's information is sometimes not valid.

  5. Problem of Economy: The current system is very costly. We have to spend lots of money to keep the system up and going, but still not get the desired results.

  6. Problem of Capacity: The current system is suffering from problem of capacity also. The staff for organization is very less and the workload is too much. Few peoples cannot handle all the work.


PROPOSED SYSTEM
l. Employee Details: The new proposed system stores and maintains all the employees details.
2. Calculations: The new proposed system calculates salary and income tax automatically and it is very fast and accurate.
3. Registers: There is no need of keeping and maintaining salary and employee register manually. It remembers each and every record and we can get any report related to employee and salary at any time.
4. Speed: The new proposed system is very fast with 100% accuracy and saves time.
5. Manpower: The new proposed system needs less manpower. Less people can do the large work.
6. Efficiency: The new proposed systems complete the work of many salesperson in less time.
7. Past details: The new proposed system contains the details of every past doctor and patients for future assistance.
8. Reduces redundancy: The most important benefit of this system is that it reduces the redundancy of data within the data.
9. Work load: Reduces the work load of the data store by helping in easy updates of the products and providing them with the necessary details together with financial transactions management.
10. Easy statements: Month-end and day-end statement easily taken out without getting headaches on browsing through the day end statements.
NEED:
I have designed the given proposed system in the JSP to automate the process of day to day activities of Hospital like Room activities, Admission of New Patient, Discharge of Patient, Assign a Doctor, and finally compute the bill etc., online facilities to the multiple users etc.
The complete set of rules & procedures related to Hospital’s day to day activities and generating report is called “HOSPITAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEM”. My project gives a brief idea regarding automated Hospital activities.
The following steps that give the detailed information of the need of proposed system are:
Performance: During past several decades, the hospital management system is supposed to maintain manual handling of all the hospital daily activities. The manual handling of the record is time consuming and highly prone to error. To improve the performance of the hospital management system, the computerized hospital management system is to be undertaken. The computerized hospital project is fully computerized and user friendly even that any of the hospital’s members can see the patient’s report and the doctor’s report.
Efficiency: The basic need of the project is efficiency. The project should be efficient so that whenever a new patient is admitted, and automatically a bed is assigned and also a doctor is assigned to the patient according to the patient’s disease. And if any patient is getting discharged, the bed assigned to him/her should automatically free in the computer.
Control: The complete control of the project is under the hands of authorized person who has the password to access this project and illegal access is not supposed to deal with. All the control is under the administrator and the other members have the rights to just see the records not to change any transaction or entry.
Security: Security is the main criteria for the proposed system. Since illegal access may corrupt the database and it will affect not only the hospital but also it also affects the patient’s life. So security has to be given in this project.

SOFTWARE & HARDWARE REQUIREMENTS:


Adding dynamic content via expressions



As we saw in the previous section, any HTML file can be turned into a JSP file by changing its extension to .jsp.  Of course, what makes JSP useful is the ability to embed Java.  Put the following text in a file with .jsp extension (let us call it hello.jsp), place it in your JSP directory, and view it in a browser. 





Hello!  The time is now <%= new java.util.Date() %>

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