#1 In his book "mysteries of ancient south america", Harold T. Wilkins relates the following information, which appears on page 176


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Name#1 In his book "mysteries of ancient south america", Harold T. Wilkins relates the following information, which appears on page 176
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CAVE AND TUNNEL ENTRANCES OF SOUTH AMERICA
Compiled by B. Alan Walton

#1 --- In his book "MYSTERIES OF ANCIENT SOUTH AMERICA", Harold T. Wilkins relates the following information, which appears on page 176:

"Fuentes, who lived about A.D. 1689, and wrote an unpublished manuscript history of Guatemala, speaks of the amazingly large and ancient towns -- inhabited by an unknown and long vanished race -- found there by the conquistadores.
He says:

"The marvelous structure of the tunnels (subterranean) of the pueblo of Puchuta, being of the most firm and solid cement, runs and continues through the interior of the land for the prolonged distance of nine leagues to the pueblo of Tecpan, Guatemala. It is a proof of the power of these ancient kings and their vassals."

“He gives no hint of the uses to which these amazing tunnels - more than thirty miles long, on the basis of the old Castellón league - were built by these ancient races of old America.

“It may be, too, that the great tunnel of the Incas had a branch - an underground way leading under the forests - eastwards of Cuzco, in the very direction taken by Inca Tupac Amaru, his army and his host of camp-following refugees, in the late sixteenth century?

May be, the fleeing Peruvians vanished into these mysterious tunnels and left only the whispering leaves of the trees of the dense green forests, as mute witnesses to their secret exits?"
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#2 --- This following Indian tradition appears on pages 8 and 14 of "YUPA FOLKTALES", by Johannes Wilbert:

"The Yupa Indians, who live on the Sierra de Perija mountain range of Venezuela, have their own legend of the underworld:

"Below the plane of the earth, according to Pariri cosmology, there exists an underworld inhabited by a race of dwarfs - the Pipintu. The Indians claim to have obtained their knowledge of this place through the eye-witness account of a man who, trapped in a funerary cave, managed to escape by way of the entrance to this underworld... the natural environment of the Land of the Dwarfs does not differ markedly from the Yupa habitat on earth... They are friendly, honest, peace-loving people..."
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#3 --- In his book, "SECRET CITIES OF OLD SOUTH AMERICA", Harold T. Wilkins gives an interesting account of a lake that is often worshiped by the native inhabitants of Columbia. The story appears on pages 201-202 of his book:

"The temples and sanctuaries most celebrated of all the Mosca (Muysca or Chibcha) nation of the province of Nueva Granada, were those of Sogamoso, Bogota and Chia, the lake of Fuquene, and the lake of Guatavita, that is distant two leagues from that pueblo, between very high hills; with so much beauty and so level a formation has Nature created it, that the water stretches for more than a league around. It is so very deep and so crystalline and limpid that a straw that fell into it sent out circles even to the edges of the strand... “Humboldt visited the mystic lake, about 1830. I have already given his impression (in a page,
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supra). Eight years later, Captain Charles Stuart Cochrane, R.N., was there, and he tells a very interesting story:

“'An old Spaniard, sounding in the centre of the lake, drew up with the lead a small branch of a tree, in the mud round which was a golden image, worth 100 dollars. About the summit of the cone which forms the lagoon is an ancient Indian road, now quite neglected and overgrown with brushwood and trees.

'On the edge of the cone we saw two of the sepulchres of the caciques, hewn out of sandstone rock. And there is said to be a cave connected with the worship of the Lagoon of Guatavita, at the entrance of which is said to have once been standing two golden figures, large as life. A Spanish soldier, who first wandered to the place, cut off one of the fingers, when he was seen and attacked by natives. He was wounded and hardly made his escape.

'Having told what he had seen to a large body of Spaniards, they went well armed to the spot, but found neither figures nor cave. The Indians, hearing that a strong force was on the way, cleverly stopped up the cave and threw the golden statues into the lake.

“'And as that lake is 1,000 yards wide and very deep, those gold statues have never been found!'"
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#4 --- The book "THE MYSTERIES OF THE ANDES", by Robert Charroux, contains an unusual story about two Venezuelan volcanoes which have been subjected to secret scientific investigations. Page’s 106-108 has the following:

"The Agartha, that mysterious underground

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kingdom that, according to the writer Ossendowski, lies under the Himalayas, is now in South America

if we are to believe certain traditions. It was perhaps this South American Agartha that Harry Gibson, a Venezuelan pilot, saw during a routine flight in 1964, at the bottom of two craters in the jungle somewhere between the Sierra Maigualida and the Orinoco River.

“It is a strange story, and one would be tempted to place it in the same category as reports of imaginary kingdoms -- El Dorado, Paititi, Moricz's tunnel - if it had not been taken very seriously by two respected archaeologists, David Nott Rofi Liverpool and Charles Brewer Carias of Caracas, assisted by Venezuelan Air Force and ten scientists from different nations.

“The craters are near the sources of the rivers Caura and Ventuari, and two mountains known as Pava and Masiati, at the edge of the Sierra Pacaraima. The volcanoes have been extinct for thousands... of years, so scientists hope to find plant and animal life in them that has long since disappeared from the rest of the world.

“In January 1974 a first three-member team went down into one of the craters, about a thousand feet deep and twelve hundred feet wide. They brought back living plants and animals of species that were either unknown or had been thought extinct since the Mesozoic.

“The two craters are connected by an underground passage nearly a mile long. According to unverified rumors, it is still in use, because traces of recent activity were found in it.

“So much for the openly announced part of the discovery. The most important results are being kept secret by the Venezuelan scientific authorities, for mysterious reasons. This secrecy has given rise to private inquiries among the

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people living in surrounding mountains, whose local names are Jaua-Jidi and Sari Inama-Jidi. Fantastic legends concerning the mystery of the two craters have been gathered...

“The region of Jaua-Jidi is a dense, very sparsely inhabited forest. It has been difficult for Venezuelan investigators to make contact with the primitive people who live there. They shun outsiders, speak an unknown language and do not understand Spanish. Half-breeds from the town of Esmeralda, on the Orinoco, have been able to approach them, however.

"’Strange people wearing strange clothes have been seen several times in the forest of Jaua-Jidi,’ one of them reported. ‘They seem unwilling to approach the Indians and they venture only a short distance away from the craters. Their skin is the color of yellowed ivory; they have big eyes, like a jaguar's, and long hair of different colors. They seem fearful and run away whenever they hear an unusual sound. They are thought to live at the bottoms of the craters and in vast underground rooms, with secret entrances in the forest.’

Other reports would seem to indicate that the people of the ‘Kingdom of Two Craters’ are in almost constant contact with space beings, but it should be pointed out that sightings of flying saucers are more common in Central and South America than any where else in the world.

“The Indians of the forest say that at night the trees on the rim of each volcano are illuminated by a soft green light that apparently comes from the bottom. Occasionally something that looks like a ‘little round airplane’ comes out of the darkness, enters the green halo and disappears into the volcano.

Two or three nights before David Nott, Brewer Carias, G. Dunsterville and their companions came

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to the site, intensified activity by the flying ‘things’ was observed. They were as numerous as a swarm of bees but, perhaps because of their distance from the observers, they flew without making any discernible sound.

“The Indians felt that the strange people were receiving heavy reinforcements, or else that they were moving out before the archaeologists came. In any case they left little trace of their presence in the underground passages, but enough to give convincing evidence that their existence is not a myth. The Indians believe that the ‘Kingdom of Two Craters’ extends under the mountains and that, for the time being, its entrances are tightly closed.

In Lima Zizi Ghenea told me that a little forest of trees extinct everywhere else grew inside the caves and the craters, and that in it lived animals from the Tertiary.

“What is strange about the whole affair, in which legend is mingled with fact, is the Venezuelan governments’ inexplicable silence and secrecy in which the expedition's report has been kept.
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#5 --- Page 119 of Harold Osborne's book "SOUTH AMERICAN MYTHOLOGY", tells of one of the legends of the Tupari Indians, who live up the Rio Branco (or Parima) river. This river eventually merges with the Rio Negro and is to be found in the upper Mato Grosso region of Brazil. A young Swiss ethnologist, Franz Casper, learned of the following Tuparian tradition when he visited the tribe in 1948:

"...Long ago there were no Tupari or other men. Our ancestors lived under the ground where the sun never shines... Then the men began to stream out in great hordes... Many men remained inside the earth.

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They are called 'Kinno' and still live there.

One day, when (most of) the people of the earth have died, the Kinno will come out of the ground here. But the men whom Aroteh had let out of the earth did not find room in the same place. We Tupari remained here, the others wondered far away in all directions. They are our neighbors: the Arikapu, Yabuti, Makurap, Arua, and all other tribes."
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Similar legends can be found on pages 265-266 of Daniel G. Brinton's book, "MYTHS OF THE NEW WORLD":
"...This cavern, which thus lingered in the memories of nations, frequently expanded to a nether world, imagined to underlie this of ours, and still inhabited by beings of our kind, who have never been lucky enough to discover its exit.

According to a myth extensively disseminated among the Caribs, Arawacks, Warraus, Carayas and other South American tribes, in the beginning of things sky and earth were as one, and man abode within the earth in a joyous realm, where death and disease were unknown, and even the trees never rotted but lived on forever.

One day the ruler of that happy realm walking forth discovered the surface of the world as we know it, but returning warned his people that though sunlight was there, so also were decay and death. Some, however, went thither, and the present unhappy race of men are their descendants, while others dwell in gladness far below..."
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#6 --- Pages 90-91 of Harold T. Wilkins' book,

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"SECRET CITIES OF OLD SOUTH AMERICA", carries a story of a strange underground city beneath northern Brazil:
"The dead cities of gold and mystery lie, as one has said, round the littoral of the old Maranon-Amazon basin, and on the uplands of proto-South America. Many of the expeditions to one region of the unknown, both European and American... and including that of the lost explorer Irwin have been to the little known territory, watered by the branch of the Amazon tributaries, lying between Obidos and Santarem on the west, and Almereiran on the east, at the embouchure of this mighty waterway. Out of this terra incognita will one day come some startling discoveries. In these, an airship or multi-engined aeroplane will play a valiant part, as the Latin-Americans would say.

Somewhere in the north of this region, running from the slopes of mostly unknown and unexplored sierras of the Tumac-Humac and the Parairaima, is a great prehistoric highway known as the Inca Way. It apparently linked this territory of gold, gems and ancient mysteries with what was later the Inca Empire of Quito and Cuzco.

Dense bush and far-spreading forests and jungles, beset with fierce Indians who use blow-pipes and poisoned arrows, cover up much of this ancient imperial highway, whose makers may be coeval with the old Atlantean empire of South America (many of these ancient highways were built long before the Inca civilization came into existence).

Deep within this region, at a point where a number of affluents merge, and on the fringes of that mysterious land of Oyapoc where lived the Conoris, or white Amazons of Sir Walter Raleigh's day, is one of a number of dead cities of

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megalithic date (Compare this following story with the account of another dead city in Chapter 1.).

The jungle Indians, who shun the place as taboo and sacred, say that gold ingots lie in the dust of the dead city. They say it has pillars in naves of ancient temples and great buildings, grey and weathered with extreme age, that blaze with gold and sacerdotal jewels.

Around the pillars and the friezes may be seen many hieroglyphic and bizarre letters of no known race. One of these dead cities, far within the forest, and near the slopes of the sierras, is approached by a great stairway of many steps going down, between walls of a towering cliff, to an immense cavern or subterranean.

The stairway is cut into the solid rock and is slippery with fungi and dripping with dank moisture.

As one nears the bottom of the stairway, which at this point is inscribed with strange glyphs, one hears the roaring of tumultuous waters. A rushing river goes underground through the middle of the subterranean into a tunnel of more than a mile in length. The roof comes down, and over the lip of a great crack in the rocks, the waters rush into a catadupa -- waterfall -- at the bottom of which is a maelstrom. None knows what lies beyond.

“Clearly, the spot is very dangerous. It is probable that, beyond this tunnel, lies the dead city... which is said to be about three miles long. The story sounds like a South American version of one of the late Sir Rider Haggard's novels. Attempts have been made by daring explorers to find the way into the dead city, where, as said, is much gold and many rich jewels, but all have been baffled.

Within the subterranean approach there is a hole in the cavern floor at the bottom of which is

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a quadrate-shaped chamber, clearly of man's make, in which round the walls are numbers of oblong niches. These niches are for four fifths of their height walled up with stones neatly laid on each other and cut by skilled masons."
Chapter 1 of the same book, pp. 23-24 carries a similar story:

"...Here is an account of one in a remote region of Brazilian Guiana, which I take from a travel diary of my own:

“‘I hear of a place where three streams unite and spread out in the waters of a large and deep lago (lake). I am told that some of the "rare plucked uns" among the New York Four Hundred, young men and pretty girls, have visited this place. One knows when one is in the neighborhood, for one hears, coming through the aisles of the deep forests, a roar of thunderous reverberations. It is one of the catadupas which frequently figure in the accounts of the travels of the hardy, valiant bandeiristas into the Geraes and the Goyaz and the Matto Grosso, in the eighteenth century. “‘...Waters vanish over a lip of rock into a great cavity. Here, a great hole yawns in the earth. Close by, many lichened and grey stone steps of a very ancient stairway, ‘half as old as Time’, like the red rose city of Petraea, are cut in rock of black basalt.

“‘Reaching the bottom of this stairway, one is startled to find unknown glyphs, or, as they seem to be, ancient and unknown letters cut in the rock, which is dank with the spray of the falling waters. One passes into an immense cavern where the air is fresh and cool. Looking up, one sees that the roof is pierced with ancient ventilation shafts, as it might be of a Great Western railroad tunnel in the west of England.
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