Windows Time Service (W32Time) configuration for Windows 2000 and Windows n 0


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Windows Time Service (W32Time) configuration for Windows 2000 and Windows NT4.0



In windows 2000 W32Time (Windows Time Service) is installed as part of the OS and only needs to be properly configured. W32Time does not ship with Windows NT4.0 and must be added.

Setup For Windows 2000:

As an NTP Client:

Windows Time Service is installed automatically as part of the normal Windows 2000 setup. In most cases we will need to lock it to a specific SNTP time server source that is locked to “house time”. This time source can be a NT4.0 or Windows 2000 computer with a time code card in it such as an Adrienne.

1. For W2K to recognize a specific Simple Network Time Protocol (SNTP) time server as authoritative, use the following NET TIME command: "net time /setsntp:server list" Where "server list" is the name or IP address of the NTP server.

2. Verify what source the machine is looking to by using the command "W32Tm -v" from a command prompt, it will report the setting for the Windows Time Service in Windows 2000. There will be an "ntpserver - " entry with the IP address or name of the server that it synchronizes to.
3. Reconfigure or confirm that the “Windows Time Service” service is set for Automatic startup instead of Manual under Control Panel\Services.
As an NTP Server:

Only do the following if the computer will be use as a network time server. For Windows 2000 Professional (not Server or Advanced Server) computer to be used as an NTP time source one additional change must be accomplished. First complete all of the same steps that are required for use as an “NTP Client”. In addition for a Windows 2000 Professional computer to act as an NTP time source server you must change the following registry key:

[HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\W32Time\Parameters]

"LocalNTP"=dword:00000001
The default for this key in Windows 2000 Professional is “dword:00000000”. Windows 2000 Server and Advanced Server handle this “0” default differently by design, so this registry change only applies to Windows 2000 Professional. For more information see Microsoft Knowledge Base Q article Q223184 titled “Registry Entries for the W32Time Service“.
Steps to setup and configure W32Time on NT4.0:
1. Place W32TIME.EXE in the \%SystemRoot%\SYSTEM32\ (typically \WINNT\SYSTEM32\) directory.

2. Place W32TIME.INI in the %SystemRoot% (typically \WINNT\) directory.

3. Configure the W32TIME.INI as described bellow.

4. After making changes the W32TIME.INI file, run "w32time -automatic" to install the service, and "w32time -update" to write the contents of the .ini file to the registry. Then go to Control Panel\Services and start the service "Windows Time Service", or reboot the machine.
If making other changes to the W32TIME.INI after it has already been installed run "w32time -update" to write the modified contents of the W32TIME.INI file to the registry. Then stop and restart "Windows Time Service" under Control Panel\Services, or reboot the machine.
On all of the Media Browse servers and clients use these entries for the W32TIME.INI:
[W32Time]

Type=PRIMARY

Period=4

TASync=no

REM Only set "LocalNTP=yes" on a server that will be a time source for other computers on the network, typically the same machine as the "PrimarySource".

LocalNTP=no

REM "PrimarySource=" is the Netbios name (example: \\computername) or IP address of the server with the timecode card.

PrimarySource=

Be sure to set the "PrimarySource=" parameter to the name of the computer or its IP address with the timecode card in it, including the W32TIME.INI file of the computer with the timecode card. This setting forces W32Time to get its time from a specific source, other wise it will look for any valid NTP timesource on the network.
On the time source machine only: set the "LocalNTP=yes" setting, this will allow this machine to provide time to other NTP clients.
If W32Time is configured as a "Type=Secondary" it will find any other W32Time (or NTP timeservers?) there may be on the network, this can cause inconsistent time settings between reboots, by setting all Media Browse machines as "Type=Primary" we can specify exactly which machine is being polled for the correct time.
Period= parameter is the number of times per day that the service will seek out a time server, if left unset will default to 2 - 3 times per day, which is probably adequate for Media Browse use.
To test if it is working correctly stop the "Windows Time Service", manually set the clock to an incorrect time and restart the service, the time should immediately resynchronize to the master time server (PrimarySource) computers clock.

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