Abstract This book provides information about planning for capacity and performance requirements for deploying Microsoft SharePoint Server 2010.




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Capacity planning for Microsoft SharePoint Server 2010


Microsoft Corporation

Published: January 2011

Author: Microsoft Office System and Servers Team (itspdocs@microsoft.com)

Abstract


This book provides information about planning for capacity and performance requirements for deploying Microsoft SharePoint Server 2010. Subjects include sizing, performance testing, software boundaries, and capacity case studies. The audiences for this book are business application specialists, line-of-business specialists, information architects, IT generalists, program managers, and infrastructure specialists who are planning a solution based on SharePoint Server 2010. This book is part of a set of four planning guides that provide comprehensive IT planning information for SharePoint Server.

For information about planning the architecture of a SharePoint Server 2010 deployment, see Planning guide for server farms and environments for Microsoft SharePoint Server 2010 (http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkID=189513).

For information about planning for sites and solutions created by using SharePoint Server, see Planning guide for sites and solutions for Microsoft SharePoint Server 2010, Part 1 (http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkID=196150) and Planning guide for sites and solutions for Microsoft SharePoint Server 2010, Part 2 (http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkId=208024).

The content in this book is a copy of selected content in the SharePoint Server 2010 technical library (http://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkId=181463) as of the publication date. For the most current content, see the technical library on the Web.



This document is provided “as-is”. Information and views expressed in this document, including URL and other Internet Web site references, may change without notice. You bear the risk of using it.

Some examples depicted herein are provided for illustration only and are fictitious.  No real association or connection is intended or should be inferred.

This document does not provide you with any legal rights to any intellectual property in any Microsoft product. You may copy and use this document for your internal, reference purposes.

© 2011 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.

Microsoft, Access, Active Directory, Backstage, Excel, Groove, Hotmail, InfoPath, Internet Explorer, Outlook, PerformancePoint, PowerPoint, SharePoint, Silverlight, Windows, Windows Live, Windows Mobile, Windows PowerShell, Windows Server, and Windows Vista are either registered trademarks or trademarks of Microsoft Corporation in the United States and/or other countries.

Contents


Capacity planning for Microsoft SharePoint Server 2010 1

Abstract 1

Contents 3

Getting help 13

Performance and capacity management (SharePoint Server 2010) 14

Capacity management and sizing for SharePoint Server 2010 15

Capacity management and sizing overview for SharePoint Server 2010 16

Glossary 16

Who should read capacity management articles? 17

Evaluating SharePoint Server 2010 17

Upgrading from Office SharePoint Server 2007 17

Tuning and optimizing a live SharePoint-based environment 18

Beginning to end 18

Four fundamentals of performance 19

Latency 20

Throughput 21

Data scale 22

Reliability 22

Capacity management versus capacity planning 23

SharePoint Server 2010 capacity management model 24

Oversizing versus undersizing 25

Operational states: Green Zone and Red Zone 26

Software limits and boundaries 26

How limits are established 27

Key differences: SharePoint Server 2010 versus Office SharePoint Server 2007 28

Services and features 29

New client applications interactions with SharePoint Server 2010 34

SharePoint Server 2010 deployment key differentiators 35

Specifications 35

Workload 36

Dataset 36

Health and performance 37

Reference architectures 37

Single server deployment 37

Small farm deployment 38

Medium farm deployment 38

Large farm deployment 39

Capacity planning for SharePoint Server 2010 41

Step 1: Model 41

Understand your expected workload and dataset 41

Workload 42

Dataset 47

Setting Farm Performance and Reliability Targets 48

Step 2: Design 49

Determine your starting point architecture 51

SharePoint Server 2010 Technical Case Studies 51

Select your hardware 51

Hardware Selection Guidelines 52

Step 3: Pilot, Test and Optimize 53

Test 54

Deploy the pilot environment 54

Optimize 55

Step 4: Deploy 55

Step 5: Monitor and Maintain 56

Performance testing for SharePoint Server 2010 57

Create a Test Plan 57

Create the Test Environment 58

Create Tests and Tools 60

Monitoring and maintaining SharePoint Server 2010 65

Configuring Monitoring 65

Performance Counters 67

System Counters 68

SQL Server Counters 72

Removing Bottlenecks 74

Physical Bottleneck Resolution 74

SharePoint Server 2010 capacity management: Software boundaries and limits 78

Overview of boundaries and limits 79

Boundaries, thresholds and supported limits 79

How limits are established 80

The Equalizer Metaphor 81

Limits and boundaries 81

Limits by hierarchy 81

Web application limits 82

Web server and application server limits 83

Content database limits 84

Site collection limits 86

List and library limits 87

Column limits 90

Page limits 97

Security limits 97

Limits by feature 100

Search limits 100

User Profile Service limits 105

Content deployment limits 106

Blog limits 107

Business Connectivity Services limits 107

Workflow limits 109

Managed Metadata term store (database) limits 110

Visio Services limits 111

PerformancePoint Services limits 114

Word Automation Services limits 115

SharePoint Workspace limits 116

OneNote limits 117

Office Web Application Service limits 119

Project Server limits 119

Performance and capacity technical case studies (SharePoint Server 2010) 121

Microsoft SharePoint Server 2010 enterprise intranet publishing environment: Technical case study 123

Prerequisite information 123

Introduction to this environment 124

Specifications 124

Hardware 125

Web Servers 125

Application Server 126

Database Servers 126

Topology 126

Configuration 127

Workload 128

Dataset 129

Health and Performance Data 130

General Counters 130

Database Counters 131

Microsoft SharePoint Server 2010 enterprise intranet collaboration environment: Technical case study 133

Prerequisite information 133

Introduction to this environment 134

Specifications 134

Hardware 135

Web Servers 135

Application Server 136

Database Servers 136

Topology 137

Configuration 139

Workload 139

Dataset 140

Health and Performance Data 140

General Counters 140

Database counters 142

Microsoft SharePoint Server 2010 enterprise intranet collaboration environment: Lab study 143

Introduction to this environment 143

Glossary 144

Overview 145

Scaling approach 145

Correlating the lab environment with a production environment 145

Methodology and Test Notes 146

Specifications 146

Hardware 146

Web and Application servers 146

Database Servers 147

Topology 148

Configuration 150

Workload 150

Dataset 151

Results and Analysis 152

Web Server Scale Out 152

Test methodology 152

Analysis 152

Results graphs and charts 152

Database Server Scale Out 155

Test methodology 155

Analysis 155

Results graphs and charts 155

Web server Scale Up 158

Test methodology 158

Analysis 158

Results graphs and charts 158

Comparing SharePoint Server 2010 and Office SharePoint Server 2007 158

Workload 159

Test methodology 159

Analysis 160

Results graphs and charts 160

Microsoft SharePoint Server 2010 departmental collaboration environment: Technical case study: 162

Prerequisite information 162

Introduction to this environment 163

Specifications 163

Hardware 164

Web Servers 164

Application Server 165

Database Servers 165

Topology 166

Configuration 168

Workload 169

Dataset 170

Health and Performance Data 170

General Counters 170

Database Counters 171

Microsoft SharePoint Server 2010 divisional portal environment: Lab study 173

Introduction to this environment 173

Glossary 174

Overview 175

Assumptions 175

Test methodology 175

Specifications 176

Hardware 176

Software 177

Topology and configuration 178

Dataset and disk geometry 179

Transactional mix 179

Results and analysis 181

Results from 1x1 farm configuration 182

Results from 1x1x1 farm configuration 183

Results from 2x1x1 farm configuration 185

Results from 3x1x1 farm configuration 187

Comparison 189

A note on disk I/O 191

Tests with Search incremental crawl 192

Summary of results and recommendations 193

About the authors 195

Microsoft SharePoint Server 2010 social environment: Technical case study 196

Prerequisite information 196

Introduction to this environment 196

Specifications 197

Hardware 197

Web Servers 198

Application Server 199

Database Servers 199

Topology 200

Configuration 202

Workload 202

Dataset 203

Health and Performance Data 204

General Counters 204

Database Counters 205

Performance and capacity test results and recommendations (SharePoint Server 2010) 207

Estimate performance and capacity requirements for Access Services in SharePoint Server 2010 210

Test farm characteristics 210

Dataset 210

Workload 211

Green and red zone definitions 211

Your results might vary 212

Hardware setting and topology 212

Lab Hardware 212

Topology 213

Test results 213

Overall scale 213

Recommended results 214

Maximum 216

Detailed results 218

Recommendations 222

Hardware recommendations 222

Scaled-up and scaled-out topologies 222

Performance-related Access Services settings 223

Optimizations 224

Common bottlenecks and their causes 224

Performance monitoring 224

Front-end Web servers 224

Access Data Services 224

Database servers 226

Troubleshooting 226

Estimate performance and capacity requirements for Excel Services in SharePoint Server 2010 228

Test farm characteristics 228

Dataset 228

Workload 229

Green and Red Zone definitions 230

Hardware Settings and Topology 231

Lab Hardware 231

Topology 231

Test Results 232

Overall Scale 232

Recommended Results 233

Maximum Results 235

Detailed Results 237

Recommended Results 237

Maximum Results 238

Scale Up Test results 240

Recommendations 241

Hardware Recommendations 241

Performance-Related Excel Services Settings 241

Common bottlenecks and their causes 243

Performance monitoring 244

Front-end Web server 244

Excel Calculation Services 244

SQL Server 245

Estimate performance and capacity requirements for PerformancePoint Services 246

Test farm characteristics 246

Test scenarios and processes 247

Hardware setting and topology 249

Test results 250

2M and 3M topologies 251

4M+ results for Unattended Service Account authentication 255

4M+ Results for per-user authentication 256

Recommendations 257

Analysis Services 258

Common bottlenecks and their causes 259

Performance monitoring 261

Capacity requirements for Web Analytics Shared Service in SharePoint Server 2010 263

Introduction 264

Overview 264

Architectural overview 264

Hardware specifications and topology 266

Hardware 266

Topology 267

Capacity requirements 269

Testing methodology 269

Dataset description 269

Application servers 270

SQL Server–based computers 271

Other factors 273

Remaining issues 273

Estimate performance and capacity requirements for Web Content Management in SharePoint Server 2010 274

Prerequisite information 275

Test details and approach 275

Dataset 275

Hardware 276

Glossary 277

Web Content Management deployments 277

What to optimize 278

Throughput is the key metric 279

Bottlenecks and remediation 279

Web server CPU utilization 280

Other bottlenecks 281

Caching helps 282

Test results and recommendations 282

Effect of enabling the output cache 282

Output cache hit ratio 283

Conclusions and recommendations for the effect of enabling the output cache 285

Anonymous users and authenticated users 285

Cache profiles 286

Conclusions and recommendations for anonymous users and authenticated users 287

Scale-out characteristics of read and write operations 287

Conclusions and recommendations for scale-out characteristics of read and write operations 289

Output cache caveats 290

Data freshness 290

Conclusions and recommendations for output cache caveats 292

Effect of read volume on CPU and response time 292

Conclusions and recommendations for effect of read volume on CPU and response time 292

Effect of write operations on throughout 292

Conclusions and recommendations for effect of write operations on throughput 296

Effect of content deployment 296

Conclusions and recommendations for effect of content deployment 298

Effect of database snapshot during content deployment export 298

Conclusions and recommendations for effect of database snapshot during content deployment export 299

Content characteristics 299

Number of pages 299

Multivalued lookup fields 300

Effect of usage reporting 301

About the authors 302

Estimate performance and capacity planning for workflow in SharePoint Server 2010 303

Test farm characteristics 303

Dataset 303

Workload 303

Hardware, settings, and topology 304

Test results 306

Effect of scaling the Web server on throughput 307

Manual start throughput 307

Automatically starting workflows when items are created throughput 308

Task completion throughput 309

Effect of list size and number of workflow instances on throughput 310

Recommendations 312

Scaled-out topologies 312

Estimating throughput targets 312

Workflow queuing and performance-related settings 312

Understanding the basic queue settings 313

Adjusting settings for queuing 314

Improving scaling for task and history lists 315

Other considerations 315

Troubleshooting 315

Web servers 316

Database servers 317

Storage and SQL Server capacity planning and configuration (SharePoint Server 2010) 319

Design and configuration process for SharePoint 2010 Products storage and database tier 319

Gather storage and SQL Server space and I/O requirements 319

Databases used by SharePoint 2010 Products 320

Understand SQL Server and IOPS 321

Estimate core storage and IOPS needs 322

Configuration storage and IOPS 322

Content storage and IOPS 322

Estimate service application storage needs and IOPS 325

SharePoint Foundation 2010 service application storage and IOPS requirements 325

SharePoint Server 2010 service application storage and IOPs requirements 326

Determine availability needs 328

Choose SQL Server version and edition 328

Design storage architecture based on capacity and I/O requirements 330

Choose a storage architecture 330

Direct Attached Storage (DAS) 330

Storage Area Network (SAN) 330

Network Attached Storage (NAS) 331

Choose disk types 331

Choose RAID types 331

Estimate memory requirements 331

Understand network topology requirements 332

Configure SQL Server 333

Estimate how many servers are required 333

Configure storage and memory 333

Follow vendor storage configuration recommendations 333

Provide as many resources as possible 334

Set SQL Server options 334

Configure databases 334

Separate and prioritize your data among disks 334

Use multiple data files for content databases 335

Limit content database size to improve manageability 336

Proactively manage the growth of data and log files 336

Validate and monitor storage and SQL Server performance 337

SQL Server counters to monitor 337

Physical server counters to monitor 339

Disk counters to monitor 339

Other monitoring tools 341
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