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|ST. LOUIS OPEN II – 2000|
1. Living from approximately 4 to 2.7 million years ago, fragments of over 300 individuals have been discovered. Living along the northern Rift valley of east Africa, primarily around Hadar, Ethiopia, this early hominid displays surprising human characteristics, such as bipedalism, as indicated by the articulation of hip joints and pelvises. Until 1994, this was the earliest hominid species yet discovered, having been replaced by Australopithecus anamensis. FTP, identify this australopithecine, the best example of which would be the skeleton fragments of an individual nicknamed “Lucy.”
Answer: Australopithecus afarensis
2. Its text comes from the Vercelli Book and it was probably written at the end of the seventh century. The prelude describes how the title object, glittering with gold and gems, changes its appearance to something unadorned and bloodied, and then back again to an object of triumph. The unknown poet of this work employed prosopopeia to make the title object speak and relate how it was cut down and transformed in to a figure of Christ’s suffering. The object then relates how it was later rediscovered and glorified. FTP, identify this medieval English poem that relates the story of the Cross.
Answer: The Dream of the Rood
3. Its funds came from the Emergency Relief Appropriation of 1935 and it succeeded such earlier organizations as the Federal Emergency Relief Administration, which was also directed by Harry Hopkins. By its termination in 1943, this government agency had employed almost 9 million workers in such groups as the National Youth Administration and the Federal Writers, Theatre, and Arts Projects. FTP, identify this Depression-era agency instituted by FDR to put the unemployed to work on public projects.
Answer: WPA or Work Projects Administration (accept Works Progress Administration)
4. It was first discovered by James Cronin and Val Fitch, who observed this occurrence by studying the asymmetrical mixing of neutral kaons with their antiparticles, though this phenomenon has not been observed in kaon decay. Explained by the Standard Model and by predicted by superweak theory, the results of this phenomenon have given rise to the conditions necessary for baryogenesis. FTP, identify this phenomenon that explains the current ratio of matter to antimatter in the universe.
Answer: CP violation or charge-parity violation or charge conjugation-parity violation
5. He founded the short-lived magazine The Pioneer and contributed articles to The Dial. The first editor of The Atlantic Monthly, some of his most famous poems include Washers of the Shroud, Commemeration Ode, and the children’s favorite The Vision of Sir Launfal. His A Fable for Critics was published in 1848, along with his most famous work, two series of prose and poetry on the Mexican and Civil Wars. FTP, identify this American poet and essayist, the author of The Biglow Papers.
Answer: James Russell Lowell
6. Massacres at Cairo in 1805 and 1811 ended their power. Two ruling dynasties, named after places where the troops who seized power had been quartered, sprang up from this class: the Bahri, made up of Turks and Mongols; and the Bujri, made up of Circassians. When Egypt came under the rule of the Ottomans in 1517, beys, or governors, from this class still ruled nominally. They were defeated at the Battle of the Pyramids by Napoleon in 1798. FTP, identify this class of purchased slaves converted to Islam who advanced themselves to high military posts in Egypt.
7. Famous early ones include those by Notker Labeo and Otfried of Weissenbur. The Heidelberg, or Palatinate, one was compiled by Caspar Olevianus and Zacharias Ursinus at the request of Elector Frederick III, and the first official Roman Catholic one was created by the Council of Trent and was known as the one of Pius V. The first one was probably written by Alcuin, and the one of the Church of England is published in the Book of Common Prayer, explaining the Baptismal Covenant, the Creed, and the Lord’s Prayer. FTP, identify this manual that explains Christianity in question-answer form.
8. It took seven years of training by a poet that lived by the river Boyne, many years of teaching by the druidess Bodbal, much practice with weaponry taught by Fiachel, and consumption of the Salmon of Knowledge for this man to avenge his father’s death. Before he was born, his father was killed in battle by Goll mac Morna, the leader of a rival clan. When he was finally ready, he gathered 150 of the best Fianna warriors and finally got his revenge. FTP, identify this hero of Irish legend and protagonist of the Fenian Cycle.
Answer: Finn McCool or Finn mac Cumhail
9. Currently a bricklayer in his hometown of Aiken, South Carolina, he was featured in the July 31, 2000 issue of the Sports Illustrated “Where are They Now?” series. His fame as perhaps the most publicized rookie ever began when coach Mike Ditka put him in the backfield in 1984 where he moved the pile on both his carries. He was featured in The Superbowl Shuffle, prior to Superbowl XX, where his only line in the song was, “I may be large, but I’m no dumb cookie.” FTP, identify this ex-player for the London Moncarchs, Philadelphia, and the Bears most famous for his kitchen nickname.
Answer: William “the Refridgerator” Perry (accept either name, or just the “Fridge”)
10. While a combination of sodium metal and ammonia is used to produce trans-isomerized compounds, this is used primarily for its syn addition properties, which create a cis-isomerized product. It is composed of a powdered barium sulfate base that is coated with palladium. The palladium coating is slightly poisoned with a bicyclic compound known as quinoline. FTP, identify this catalyst important in organic chemistry for converting alkynes into alkenes.
Answer: Lindlar’s catalyst
11. The principles of this art movement were expressed in the Realist Manifesto, which espoused an admiration for machines and technology, and the use of industrial materials such as plastic, steel, and glass. Its members called themselves artist-engineers and it was exemplified by the bronze rays of Antoine Pevsner the Spiral Theme of his brother Naum Gabo. This movement was initiated in 1913 by the abstract geometric constructions of Vladimir Tatlin. FTP, identify this Russian art movement that took its name from the principle “to construct” art.
12. They are composed of nine sets of microtubule triplets arranged in a ring structure, and they are usually arranged at right angles to each other. It was recently proven that their absence during cell division does not affect the formation of the spindle apparatus. While absent in prokaryotes, pairs of these structures migrate to opposite ends of eukaryotic cells at the start of mitosis and help anchor the spindle fibers that attach to the chromosome’s centromere. FTP, identify these cylindrical structures that help organize microtubule assembly during mitosis.
13. The popularity of his writings benefited from his association with the Scipionic Circle. Originally a slave from Carthage, he took his master’s name upon his freedom, adding the cognomen “Afer” to indicate his origins. Thought to have translated all 108 of Menander’s works, his works evidence influence from Apollodorus, as well. His six extant comedies include Phormio, The Girl from Andros, and The Eunuch. FTP, identify this Roman playwright often paired with Plautus as one of the great comedians of the early Republic.
14. After receiving his Ph.D. from Harvard at the age of 18, he went on to win the Bôcher Prize in 1933 for his work on Tauberian theorems. He also developed a system of equations to describe the randomness of Brownian motion. He is best known, however, for the development of a science that deals with not only the automatic control of machinery by computers and other electronic devices, but also the study of the human brain and nervous system and the relationship between the two communication and control systems. FTP, identify this American mathematician and founder of cybernetics.
Answer: Norbert Wiener
15. Its name is derived from an Old Irish word meaning “runaway” or “fugitive” and was first applied to mid-17th century Irishmen who, dispossessed by the English, became outlaws. It first came into political use as a term of opprobrium to supporters of James II, and became the party of landed aristocracy after the Glorious Revolution. Today, the term is still often used as a synonym for a conservative since those known by this term became associated with the Conservative Party. FTP, identify this political term used to describe supporters of the Crown during the American Revolution.
16. It is 290 feet high, 42 feet thick, and 33 feet wide. Declared a national monument in 1910, it can only be hiked to with permission of the Navajo Nation, on whose land it stands, and famous visitors include Zane Grey and Theodore Roosevelt. Otherwise, it is accessibly by boat from Lake Powell near Glen Canyon. It is made of salmon-pink sandstone that spans 275 feet in an arc over Bridge Canyon. FTP, identify this landform, the world’s largest natural bridge located in southern Utah.
Answer: Rainbow Bridge National Monument
17. He is stripped of his officer’s certificate when he abandons his damaged ship. Sent by the owner of the trading concern, Stein, to an island, he defeats Sherif Ali to become a hero. He loves the stepdaughter of Cornelius, the half-native Jewel, and his best friend and second-in-command is Dain Waris, who leads the initial unsuccessful attack on Gentleman Brown. The ship’s captain and narrator of the story in which he appears is Marlow. FTP, identify this hero of Patusan and title character of a work by Joseph Conrad.
Answer: Lord or Tuan Jim
18. According to this philosophy, man is designated “Dasein,” or “there being,” because he is defined by the fact that he exists. The investigation of Being is continually faced with possibilities from which the existent must make a selection and then commit himself or herself. Though first addressed by Descartes, its modern form was derived by Kierkegaard, who stated the problem of existence as primarily the problem of Being. FTP, identify this modern branch of philosophy espoused by Jean-Paul Sartre and Martin Heidegger.
19. It was nearly one thousand years old when it was blown down in August 1856. When Sir Edmund Andros was appointed governor-general of New England in 1687, he was sent to Hartford to procure the colonial charter. The colonists, loath to surrender the documents, carried them to the council chamber, appearing to submit. However, during the debate, the lights were extinguished and the documents were stolen and hidden at this site until 1689, when Andros was deposed. FTP, identify this large white tree that served as the hiding place for the Connecticut charter.
Answer: Charter Oak
20. Schumann commented that this piece, perhaps the composer’s most famous, glows with “the bloom of youth.” It was written after the composer read the translations of Schlegel, and the thirteen movements of this incidental music underwrite the characters and scenes of the play on which it is based. For example, an interval in the ninth movement imitates an ass’ bray to depict Bottom. Also, the chords used to signify the entrance of Oberon are reworked in the finale. Featuring the famous Wedding March, FTP, identify this work of Mendelssohn based on a play by Shakespeare.
Answer: A Midsummer Night’s Dream
ST. LOUIS OPEN II – 2000
1. Identify the following about a certain work of English literature FTPE.
Answer: The Prisoner of Zenda
Answer: Anthony Hope Hawkins
Answer: Rudolf Rassendyl (accept either name)
2. Identify the following concerning the Oxford Movement FTPE.
Answer: John Keble
Answer: John Henry Newman
Answer: Edward Bouverie Pusey [Editor’s note: They were called “Puseyites.”]
3. Identify these physical constants from their values FTPE.
Answer: permittivity of free space (accept the archaic dialectric constant from old people)
Answer: Planck’s constant
Answer: Rydberg constant
4. Identify these early 19th century treaties from descriptions FTPE.
Answer: Rush-Bagot Treaty
Answer: Adams-Onís Treaty
Answer: Treaty of Ghent
5. Identify these electronic musical instruments from descriptions FTPE.
6. Identify the following terms about moles from descriptions FTPE.
Answer: molar heat capacity
Answer: mole fraction
7. Identify these battles of the American Revolution from descriptions FTPE.
Answer: Battle of Oriskany
Answer: Battle of Long Island
Answer: Battle of Eutaw Springs
8. Identify these contemporary philosophers FTPE.
Answer: Richard Rorty
Answer: John Rawls
Answer: Mortimer Jerome Adler
9. Given the largest island in an island group, identify that island group FTPE.
Answer: Solomon Islands
Answer: Cook Islands
Answer: Channel Islands
10. Identify these Pre-Raphaelite painters from works FTPE.
Answer: John Millais
Answer: William Holman Hunt
Answer: Ford Madox Brown
11. Identify these works by Philip Roth FTPE.
Answer: Portnoy’s Complaint
Answer: The Breast
Answer: Our Gang
12. Identify these various biological tests FTPE.
Answer: Ames test
Answer: Feulgen’s test
Answer: Seliwanoff’s test
13. Identify these novels about superfluous men FTPE, or FFPE if you need the author.
(5 points) Ivan Turgenev
(5 points) Mikhail Lermontov
Answer: A Hero of Our Time
(5 points) Ivan Goncharov
14. Identify the following units of radiation FTPE.
Answer: Sv or sievert
Answer: Gy or gray
Answer: Bq or becquerel
15. Identify these Russian publications FTSNOP.
Answer: Slovo or The Word
16. Identify these seers from various mythologies FTPE.
Answer: the Seeress
17. Identify the movie from quotes, 30-20-10.
Answer: The Usual Suspects
18. Identify these Nigerian writers from descriptions FTPE.
Answer: Wole Soyinka
Answer: Christopher Okigbo
Answer: Buchi Emecheta
19. Identify these urban theories from sociology F15PE.
Answer: multiple-nuclei theory
Answer: concentric-ring theory
20. Identify the following concerning the first voyage around the globe FTPE.
Answer: Ferdinand Magellan